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  • artery forceps

    forceps are a two-bladed instrument with a handle for compressing or grasping tissues in surgical operations, and for handling sterile dressings, etc. Artery forceps are for specifically grasping and compressing an artery.

  • arthritis

    Inflammation of joints; swelling, pain and decreased mobility are typical symptoms.

  • articulated

    Something that has two or more sections linked by a flexible joint.

  • artificial acetabular cup

    prosthetic used to fit artifical femurs into the pelvis

  • artificial artery

    A complete or partial replacement of the arteries using materials such as Teflon, plastic or metal.

  • artificial eye

    A curved disk of opaque glass or plastic, containing an imitation iris and pupil in the centre, inserted beneath the eyelids and supported by the orbital contents after evisceration or enucleation; it may be ready-made (stock) or custom-made

  • artificial femur

    A complete or partial replacement of the bone situated between the pelvis and knee. It is the largest and strongest bone in the body.

  • artificial heart

    A mechanical device that is implanted into the body to replace the heart. A true artificial heart is very rare, and the term is often confused with a ventricular assist device - a device that is used to partially or completely replace the function of a failing heart.

  • artificial heart valve

    A device implanted into patients who have suffered a malfunction of their heart valves. (The heart valves restrict the flow of blood to one direction.)

  • artificial hip joint

    A replacement hip joint (the area where the thigh bone joins with the pelvis). The socket is replaced with a plastic or metal cup, while a metal ball (on a stem placed inside the bone) replaces the head of the femur. This process is also known as Hip Arthroplasty.

  • artificial insemination

    When carried out under medical supervision, sperm is deposited directly onto the uterus, usually via a thin tube-like catheter. The purpose is to achieve fertilisation and thereby pregnancy without the need for sexual intercourse.

  • artificial leg

    A device, either external or implanted, that substitutes for or supplements a missing or defective part of the body.

  • artificial nose

    An artificial device to replace part or all of a missing nose.

  • artificial teeth

    Artificial replacement of one, several, or all of the natural teeth especially ones not permanently anchored in the mouth.

  • Aryan

    A term used by Nazi Germany to describe the so-called 'pure' Germanic race.

  • asbestos

    A highly heat-resistant fibrous mineral used in fabrics and to insulate materials. Asbestos has been banned since the 1980s in many countries due to severe health risks, such as cancer, associated with its inhalation.

  • aseptic

    Free from bacterial contamination; surgically sterile or sterilized.

  • asphyxia

    condition caused by the inadequate intake of oxygen. Also known as suffocation. Choking is a form of asphyxia.

  • aspirating needle

    A hollow needle used for withdrawing fluid from a cavity, when combined with an aspirator tube attached to one end.

  • aspirator

    A device for removing liquids or gases from a body cavity through suction.

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