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Glossary

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B

  • bleeding bowl

    A shallow bowl four to six inches in diameter, with one flat handle which is usually flush with the rim. Used by barber-surgeons in the 1600s and 1700s when bleeding a patient.

  • blindness

    The inability to see light.

  • blistering

    The process in which the body forms blisters. When the top layer of skin is damaged a blister, a small sac of liquid, forms to protect the soft tissue underneath.

  • blood (animal material)

    Fluid that circulates in the principal vascular system of vertebrate animals. W.

  • blood clotting

    Where the blood changes within the body from a liquid to a solid state and produces a mass of clotted blood which can restrict blood flow.

  • blood donation

    The donation of blood for the purposes of transfusion or testing.

  • blood glucose meter

    A machine that tests the level of glucose in the blood. Blood is deposited on a special strip which is then inserted into the machine to give a reading.

  • blood letting needle

    Needle used in Oriential Medicine for the process of blood letting

  • blood poisoning

    The damage caused from absorbing harmful bacteria and toxins from the bloodstream.

  • blood pressure

    The pressure at which blood is pumped around the body, closely related to the heart rate.

  • blood sample card

    used to collect blood samples for storage purposes

  • blood transfusion

    An injection of healthy, donated blood into a patient to raise his or her number of red blood cells. The blood is matched according to type (A, B, O, AB).

  • bloodletting

    Puncturing a vein in order to withdraw blood. A popular medical practice for over two thousand years. Bloodletting often involved withdrawing large quantities of blood in the belief that this would cure or prevent many illnesses and diseases. The practice has been abandoned for all but a few very specific conditions.

  • BMI

    The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a way of working out if a person is over or under weight. It is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in metres. The resulting number is then divided by height in metres again. Currently it is suggested that a healthy BMI lies between 18.5 and 25.

  • body lice

    A small insect that attaches to the clothes and hair of humans. They thrive in unhygienic conditions and can transmit disease.

  • bone

    The very hard and dense connective tissues that join to form the skeleton. Made of collagen fibres and bone salts.

  • bone forceps

    forceps used to seize or remove fragments of bone

  • bone plate

    plates used to bridge fracture sites

  • bone reamer

    A rotating finishing or drilling tool used to shape or enlarge a hole.

  • bone saw

    Special type of surgical saw for cutting through bone

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