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Glossary

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B

  • booklet

    Small book consisting of a few sheets that are glued, stitched or stapled together between thin card or paper covers.

  • boot

    Footwear, the leg of which extends above the ankle joint.

  • bottle

    Vessels having a neck and mouth considerably narrower than the body, used for packaging and containing liquid and dry preparations

  • botulism toxin

    a powerful nerve toxin, produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, that is injected, in minute dosage, for the treatment of various conditions of muscle dysfunction, such as dystonia (including blepharospasm and torticollis) and spastic paralysis associated with cerebral palsy. Trade names:. Botox,. Dysport.

  • bourdalou

    Boat shaped female urinal

  • bowl

    A round deep basin used for food or liquid

  • bracelet

    An ornamental band, hoop, or chain worn round the wrist or arm.

  • brain

    The enlarged and highly developed mass of nervous tissue that forms the upper end of the central nervous system. The average adult human brain weighs about 1400 g (approximately 2% of total body weight) and is continuous below with the spinal cord. It is responsible for the coordination and control of bodily activities and the interpretation of information from the senses (sight, hearing, smell, etc.)

  • brain death

    A state of irreversible coma, due to irreversible brain damage, resulting in a lack of response to all stimuli and a complete absence of any spontaneous muscle activity.

  • brain stem

    A small, but crucially important part of the brain. It is found at the connecting area between the brain and spinal cord. The brain stem controls many of the most basic body functions such as breathing, heart rate and consciousness.

  • branding iron

    Iron rods which terminate in a flat surface on which is a device or letter set in relief; used after heating to mark livestock, tools, or manufactured goods with indelible evidence of ownership.

  • breast feeding

    The process of synthesising milk from the breasts, usually a child from its mother.

  • breast form

    A breast prosthesis is a silicone breast form that fits in a bra cup to replace a natural breast. It is most often used after a mastectomy or bi-lateral mastectomy, or a wide local excision.

  • breast pump

    Mechanical device to extract milk from the breasts of a lactating woman. They may be manual devices operated by hand or foot movement or electrically powered.

  • breast reliever

    Device to relieve pressure and soreness during breast feeding, originally made of glass later rubber or plastic is employed

  • breathalyser

    A device used for measuring the level of alcohol in the blood from the breath of a vehicle driver.

  • bromides

    A class of drugs used as sedatives (to cause sleep) in use from the 1850s until replaced in the 1950s and 1960s by other drugs.

  • bronchitis

    Inflammation of one or more bronchi (one of the larger air passages in the lungs), usually a result of infection. It is characterized by intense coughing.

  • bronchitis kettle

    Instrument used in the treatment of bronchitis.The kettle was filled with water then maybe a drug such as menthol (mint oil) was added. Using a small spirit lamp the kettle was heated. Steam came out of a long spout. The patient inhaled the steam which helped make eased the process of breathing.

  • bronchoscope

    an instrument used to look into the trachea (wind pipe) and bronchi.

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