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Glossary

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C

  • cancer

    Any cancerous tumour. It arises from the abnormal and uncontrolled division of cells which then invade and destroy the surrounding tissues. Cancer cells spread and can form secondary tumours some distance from the original.

  • candle lamp

    Lamp using candle as the source of illumination and containing the candle within a vessel. For devices that hold a candle or candles from their base use "candleholder."

  • candleholder

    Term generally applied to a variety of devices having either a single spike or one or more candle sockets to hold candles; sometimes having drips to catch wax, push-ups and other devices for removing the stub, or adjustable features for controlling the position of the flame. For lamps using candles as the source of illumination and containing the candle within a vessel, use "candle lamps."

  • candlestick

    Candleholders with a single candle socket mounted on a support with a widened base or foot for balance; often the support is columnar in form. For candleholders with a single candle socket set on a flat saucer or traylike base, use "chambersticks."

  • canister

    A box or container

  • cannula

    A tube for insertion into a duct or cavity in order to drain off fluid or give medication.

  • canoe

    Lightly built, slender, open craft of shallow draft that are paddled and not rowed and normally double-ended; may have sails.

  • canopic jar

    Stone or ceramic jars in which the ancient Egyptians preserved the internal organs of a deceased person as part of their burial practices.

  • cant table

    Used to calcualte leanings at different speeds.

  • cap

    Brimless head coverings, usually made with a visor

  • cap - headgear

    Brimless head covering, usually made with a visor.

  • capillary electrometer

    An instrument used to measure very small amounts of voltage.

  • capillary tube

    A glass tube with a very small internal diameter.

  • carafe

    Bottles for serving wine or water at the table.

  • carbolic acid

    A strong disinfectant used for cleansing wounds. It is rarely used today, although it can still be found in mouthwash.

  • carbolic spray

    A disinfectant spray using carbolic acid that was used by Joseph Lister around 1870. Sprayed around the surgical theatre, it could prevent the spread of germs.

  • carbon print

    Photographic print made by the carbon process, which uses carbon pigment and geletin to transfer images to a paper support. A carbon print shows a very slight relief and rarely exhibit signs of aging or image deterioration. During the last quarter of the 19th century they were widely used for book illustrations and the commercial reproduction of conventionally made photographs and prints.

  • card

    The term card primarily refers to cardboard or a piece of cardboard. More generally, the term can refer to any of various small flat objects, typically made from heavy paper or plastic.

  • card game - game set

    Set composed of playing card plus other items designed to be used together in games in which the primary activity during a round of play involves the use of the playing cards.

  • card games

    Sets composed of playing cards plus other items designed to be used together in games in which the primary activity during a round of play involves the use of the playing cards.

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