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Glossary

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C

  • certificate

    Documents giving authoritative recognition of a fact, qualification, or promise

  • cervical cap

    A barrier form of contraception. It consists of a thimble-shaped device which fits tightly over the entrance of the cervix. It blocks sperm from entering the uterus and thereby prevents fertilisation. Popular since the mid-1800s, their use has dropped dramatically in recent years.

  • cervix

    Neck of the uterus, projecting downwards into the vagina.

  • chamber pot

    Bowl-shaped container with a handle, used as a urinal at night. Chamber pots remained in common use until the 1900s when inside water closets replaced them. They are still used in countries where indoor plumbing is rare.

  • charity

    The noble act of voluntarily giving goods, money or time to those in need.

  • charm

    An object kept or worn in a belief that it has magical powers to protect against harm or to bring good luck.

  • charm - spell

    Written text of words said or chanted for magical effect. Used at magical ceremonies or arts; magic, sorcery, enchantment.

  • chart - graphic document

    A tabular or graphic representation of a fluctuating or dependent variable, such as magnitude, temperature, cost, etc.

  • chastity belt

    A garment which prevents the wearer from having sex.

  • chemical pathology

    The branch of pathology that deals with the basis of diseases and measures substances in body fluids in order to aid diagnoses and treatment.

  • chemistry

    The branch of science that studies substances which constitute matter with the aim of discovering their properties, how they react, and the uses and products of such reactions.

  • chemistry set

    A set of scientific apparatus which allows the user to perform simple scientific experiments.

  • chest protector

    A garment designed to protect the chest from injury. These are commonly worn when participating in hard contact sports or any other activity that carries a risk of injury.

  • chicken pox

    A common, highly infectious and contagious childhood virus that results in an itchy red rash.

  • chilblains

    A red itchy swelling that is caused when the skin is exposed to cold weather.

  • childcare

    The caring for or supervising of a child or children.

  • chloroform

    A liquid formerly used as a general anaesthetic although no longer used for this purpose as it causes liver damage and affects the heart rate. It is now used in low concentration to treat flatulence.

  • chloroform dropper bottle

    bottle used to hold chloroform and administer a small dose

  • chloroform mask

    mask used to administer chloroform, usually made from cloth

  • choler

    Another word for yellow bile, one of the four humours - the fluids of the body whose balance was believed to be essential to well-being.

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