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Glossary

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C

  • card holder

    Devices or contrivances by which, or containers in which, something is held i.e. a card.

  • cardiac catheter

    A catheter that can be passed into the heart through a vein or artery, to withdraw samples of blood, measure pressures within the heart's chambers or great vessels, and inject contrast media

  • cardiac pacemaker

    Refers to the cells which emit impulses that control the contractions of the heart, regulating its beat. Can also refer to devices used to create these impulses artificially, if the heart’s ability to do so has been damaged.

  • cardiology

    The study of diseases affecting the heart and blood vessels.

  • cardio-pulmonary resuscitation

    An emergency procedure, usually applied to those who have suffered a heart attack or some form of respiratory failure. It involves physical treatments intended to artificially create circulation. This is usually attempted through rhythmic pressing on the chest to manually pump blood through the heart and the ‘kiss of life’. The kiss of life exhales air into the patient to inflate the lungs and bring oxygen into the blood.

  • cardiospasm dilator

    A cardiospasm dilator treats cardiospasm or oesophageal achalasia. This is constriction of the lower portion of the food pipe (oesophagus) due to inability of the muscles to relax. Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, chest pain, vomiting and heartburn. Treatment includes oesophageal dilation using special instruments or medication.

  • cargo vessel

    Watercraft designed primarily to transport cargo

  • caricature

    A representation that exaggerates certain features or characteristics to humorous effect.

  • carpenter's rule

    Rule containing graduations and various data conversion tables for making measurements and calculations of use to carpenters; since about 1800 most commonly 2-foot, two-fold or four-fold rules.

  • carriage key

    A universal key used for locking and unlocking doors of railway carriages.

  • carriage print

    Prints displayed in railway carriage, usually framed and displayed in carriage compartments. Often commissioned by railway and then reproduced.

  • cart

    Two-wheeled, animal-drawn vehicle, primarily built for utility purpose, although some varieties were designed as sporting vehicles or for personal transportation.

  • carte-de-visite

    Refers to small-format photographs affixed to card stock, particularly the card photographs patented by the Parisian photographer André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri in 1854 and similar items produced by Mathew B. Brady and other photographers. They went out of fashion in the 1870s. The photographs were typically portraits and the image was a standard size of 3 1/4 x 2 1/4 inches; they were generally produced by a multiple-lens camera that created several images on a single full-sized negative plate. Full-size prints from the plate were cut into sections measuring 4 x 2 1/2 inches, and the pieces were often mounted on cards, which initially served as visitors' cards; it later became the custom to exchange them on birthdays and holidays, and to collect cartes-de-visite of friends, family members, and celebrities in albums.

  • carton

    Cardboard or plastic boxes used typically for storage or shipping, especially those which are relatively small and that when filled with merchandise are enclosed in a larger or stronger container for transport.

  • cartons

    Cardboard or plastic boxes used typically for storage or shipping, especially those which are relatively small and that when filled with merchandise are enclosed in a larger or stronger container for transport.

  • Carver chair

    Collector's term for 17th-century American turned great chairs styled after one that belonged to John Carver, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Such chairs have boldly turned posts and decorative spindles, but unlike Brewster chairs they have spindles only in the back and below the arms, and not below the seat.

  • case

    A receptacle, holder, box, chest, bag, sheath, or covering fitted to contain or enclose something else; typically used for transporting or protecting the enclosed item or items. For cases designed to hold cameras use camera case.

  • case - container

    A receptacle, holder, box, chest, bag, sheath, or covering fitted to contain or enclose something else; typically used for transporting or protecting the enclosed item or items.

  • cash bag

    A bag of leather, cloth, paper or plastic used for transporting cash.

  • cash box

    A box for holding cash.

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