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Glossary

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C

  • childcare

    The caring for or supervising of a child or children.

  • chimney pot

    Metal, masonry, or ceramic extensions which continue the flue on top of chimneys to improve draft or appearance; for extensions that protect chimney openings and may serve to block rain, use "chimney hoods."

  • chisel

    Metal hand tool with a cutting edge at one end, usually driven by a hammer or mallet; used in dressing, shaping, or working wood, stone, or metal.

  • chlorobromide print

    Chloro-bromide prints share the features of silver gelatin prints; deep rich blacks and crisp whites on a high gloss paper with good archival properties. The tone is warm brown-black.

  • chloroform

    A liquid formerly used as a general anaesthetic although no longer used for this purpose as it causes liver damage and affects the heart rate. It is now used in low concentration to treat flatulence.

  • chloroform dropper bottle

    bottle used to hold chloroform and administer a small dose

  • chloroform mask

    mask used to administer chloroform, usually made from cloth

  • choler

    Another word for yellow bile, one of the four humours - the fluids of the body whose balance was believed to be essential to well-being.

  • cholera

    A severe infection of the small intestine commonly contracted through eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea, leading to dehydration, which can be fatal.

  • chromatogram

    a record from chromotography - a technique for separating molecules based on differential absorption

  • chromatography

    A method of separating the different components of a chemical mixture. This allows a person to identify what components were in the mixture

  • chromatrope

    An instrument for exhibiting certain chromatic effects of light (depending upon the persistence of vision and mixture of colors) by means of rapidly rotating disks variously colored. Also used in a magic lantern or stereopticon to produce kaleidoscopic effects

  • chromosomes

    The basic elements of DNA - carriers of genetic information.

  • chronograph - timer

    Timepieces used to register the time of an event or graphically register specific time intervals, such as for the duration of events.

  • chronometer

    An accurate timepiece.

  • chronoscope

    Electronic device for measuring extremely short intervals of time with great accuracy, such as for determining the velocity of projectiles.

  • churchwarden pipe

    tobacco pipes with long stems, measuring up to and over 40 cm

  • cigar boxes

    Use for containers intended primarily for holding cigars, especially covered boxes of varying shape, similar to but larger than cigarette boxes, meant to be placed on a table, desk, or the like. For flat containers used to carry cigars, use "cigar cases." For airtight containers for cigars, use "humidors."

  • cigar cutter

    Device with a hole over which a sharp, thin blade moves to cut the top of a cigar.

  • cigarette card

    Cards containing pictures of birds, baseball players, celebrities, or other popular culture subjects packaged by manufacturers of cigarettes with their product during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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