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Glossary

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C

  • cool box

    An insulated container for keeping food cool.

  • copy - derivative object

    Refers to objects derived from or made to resemble original existing objects. Implies less precise and faithful imitation than does the term "reproductions." When copies are presented with intent to deceive, use "forgeries" or "counterfeits." When more than one similar work is produced by the same maker, use "replicas" or "versions."

  • cornea

    The transparent part of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil. It refracts light entering the eye on to the lens, which is then focused on to the retina.

  • corset

    A tight undergarment worn by women to shape the figure. Historically tied with lace and structured with bone.

  • cortisone

    A steroid hormone, often used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allergies and gout.

  • cosmetic applicator

    Brush, stick or impliment for applying cosmetics to the body

  • cosmetics

    Powders, lotion, lipstick, rouge or other preparations to be applied to the human body for the beautifying, preserving, or altering the appearance of a person.

  • costume

    The mode or fashion of personal attire and dress, including the way of wearing the hair, style of clothing, jewelry, crowns, scepters, and other accessories of personal adornment, belonging to a particular nation, class, period, or special occasion, including all items worn or carried by people for warmth, protection, embellishment, or symbolic purposes. In English, generally expressed in the singular.

  • counter scales

    Scales with the weighing pans above the beamscale that employs the 'Static Enigma' principle for their operation. Two types are commonly encountered those using the 'Roberval' and 'Beranger' principles. As neither the weights used or material being weighted need to be central in the pans they are commonly used in shops on the counter, hence the name.

  • counter-irritant

    Something that causes irritation to the skin in order to relieve the symptoms of underlying inflammations.

  • court plaster

    a plaster composed of gelatin on silk; formerly used to dress superficial wounds

  • cowpox

    Viral infection of cows' udders, transmitted to humans by direct contact, causing very mild symptoms similar to smallpox.

  • cramp ring

    From the reign of Edward III to that of Mary Tudor, monarchs used to bless a plateful of gold and silver rings every Good Friday at the altar of the Chapel Royal, rubbing them between their fingers. These became known as cramp rings, and this process was believed to give them the royal healing touch – thought to cure epilepsy, cramp, or paralysis.

  • cranial crochet

    An instrument used for removing the brain during mummification in ancient Egyptian cultures. Also used in abortive surgery in the 1800s.

  • craniometer

    Instrument for measuring the external dimensions of the skulls of deceased beings; for device to measure the skull of living being, use "cephalometer."

  • craniometry

    The study and measurement of different shaped and sized skulls.

  • cranioplasty

    Surgical repair of the skull, usually by covering the affected area with metal.

  • craniotomy

    Surgical removal of a portion of the skull in order to access the brain. The procedure is also done to a dead foetus in order to ease delivery.

  • crash helmet

    Helmet worn by motorcyclists, air crews, automobile racers, and others, to protect the head in the event of an accident.

  • crash test dummy

    Crash test dummies are full-scale anthropometric test devices (ATD) that simulate the dimensions, weight proportions and articulation of the human body, and are usually instrumented to record data about the dynamic behavior of the ATD in simulated vehicle impacts. This data can include variables such as velocity of impact, crushing force, bending, folding, or torque of the body, and deceleration rates during a collision for use in crash tests. They remain indispensable in the development of and ergonomics in all types of vehicles, from automobiles to aircraft.

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