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Glossary

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C

  • cremation

    The deliberate burning of a dead body at high temperatures to reduce it to ashes and fragments. These may be collected, containerised and then buried.

  • criminology

    The study of crime, its causes and criminals.

  • crucible

    A metal or ceramic container that is used to heat metals to high temperatures.

  • cryonics

    the practice or technique of deep-freezing the bodies of those who have died of an incurable disease, in the hope of a future cure. The term is a contraction of cryogenics, the branch of physics dealing with the production and effects of very low temperatures.

  • cryopreservation unit

    An area reserved for the preservation of tissue by freezing.

  • cryosurgery

    The use of extreme cold in a part of the body to freeze and destroy unwanted tissues.

  • cryosurgical equipment

    equipment used in cryosurgery

  • CT

    A form of X-ray examination in which the X-ray source and detector (CT scanner) rotates around an object. Produces a cross-sectional images by computer (a CT scan). A higher radiation dose is used than with some conventional X-ray techniques, but the diagnostic information obtained is far greater. CT scanning is particularly useful for the head, chest, and abdomen.

  • CT scanner

    A machine that performs a special form of X-ray examination. It fully rotates around the object to be scanned and the information is used to produce cross-sectional images by computer (a CT scan).

  • cuff links

    A decorative fastener worn by men or women to fasten the two sides of the cuff on a dress shirt or blouse.

  • cuirass

    A type of ventilator worn around the chest to aid breathing.

  • culture plate

    A culture contained in a flat transparent dish and used chiefly for growing micro-organisms.

  • cultured human skin

    Human skin that has been artificially grown (cultured) from a smaller sample. Can be used on skin injuries such as burns.

  • cupping

    The application of a heated cup to the skin, creating a slight vacuum , which causes swelling of the tissues beneath and an increase in the flow of blood to the area. This was thought to draw out harmful excess blood from diseased organs nearby and so promote healing.

  • cupping set

    Set of instruments to practice cupping. The purpose of cupping was to draw what was considered to be bad matter in the blood toward selected places in the body at the surface of the skin, away from vital organs.

  • curette

    An instrument shaped like a spoon that is used to scrape tissue from a body cavity.

  • curling tong

    Rod-shaped, usually metal instrument around which locks of hair are wound for curling by means of heat.

  • cut-away object

    Model or object that is either cut to show a section of it construction. Section may be a cross-section (both longitudinal & cross-sectional) or a small cut-away

  • cutlery

    Culinary utensils that have a cutting edge, especially various forms of knives used for cutting, carving, dividing, or serving food. Sometimes used to embrace all types of flat culinary utensils; however, prefer "flatware" when referring to forks, spoons, and similar culinary tools without a cutting edge.

  • cyanosis

    A bluish discolouration, applied especially to such discolouration of skin and mucous membranes due to excessive concentration of reduced haemoglobin in the blood.

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