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Glossary

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F

  • face phantom

    An instrument used for teaching and practising eye operations in the early 1900s.

  • fairing

    Ceramic figure purchased at a fair, usually as a memento

  • fallopian tubes

    The pair of fine channels through which eggs pass from a woman’s ovaries to her uterus.

  • feeding

    To provide with food or nourishment

  • feeding cup

    Specially shaped cup used to feed invalids who cannot sit up.

  • feeding funnel

    differs from 'feeding cup' as not necessarily used for feeding babies or invalids, sometimes used during cermonies and ritulas such as the feeding of chiefs during tattooing ceremonies, sometimes classed as a relgious object.

  • feeding tube

    A piece of flexible tubing passed through the oral pharynx and into the oesophagus and stomach, through which liquid food is fed. Used to feed patient or in some cases force feeding in case of hunger strikers.

  • female condom

    A barrier form of contraception. It is worn inside the vagina. A flexible ring at the closed end of the tube covers the cervix and holds it in place, while at the other end an open ring stays in place at the vaginal opening. Like the male condom it provides a protective barrier during sex and is used both as a contraceptive and to protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

  • female menopause

    The time in a woman's life when ovulation and menstruation stop and the woman is no longer able to bear children. The menopause can occur at any age between the middle thirties and the middle fifties, but occurs most commonly between 45 and 55.

  • female urinal

    urinal used by women

  • femur

    The thigh bone. It is the longest bone in the human body.

  • Fennings' product

    Alfred Fennings opened a pharmacy in London in 1840 which sold treatments for serious illnesses. A ‘Fennings product’ is from this company, which distributed its wares across Britain.

  • fermentation

    A form of anaerobic respiration (respiration that does not need oxygen) occurring in certain micro-organisms, for example yeasts.

  • fertility

    The natural capacity to give birth.

  • fertility rites

    Rituals and ceremonies, usually with magical or religious overtones, which attempt to tame the unpredictable forces of nature to ensure a plentiful supply of food or the birth of healthy children or, very often, both. They may take the form of prayers, chants, dances and the performing of sacred dramas.

  • fever

    A rise in body temperature above normal. Fever usually occurs as a natural response to infection.

  • fibroid

    Muscle tumours of the uterus.

  • field dressing

    A type of bandage carried by soldiers for immediate use in case of wounds.

  • field hospital

    A temporary hospital set up near a combat zone to provide emergency care for the wounded.

  • filter

    A porous device designed to block certain objects or substances whilst letting others through. Filters are often used to removed solids from a liquid or gas.

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