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Glossary

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F

  • face phantom

    An instrument used for teaching and practising eye operations in the early 1900s.

  • fairing

    Ceramic figure purchased at a fair, usually as a memento

  • fallopian tubes

    The pair of fine channels through which eggs pass from a woman’s ovaries to her uterus.

  • feeding

    To provide with food or nourishment

  • feeding cup

    Specially shaped cup used to feed invalids who cannot sit up.

  • feeding funnel

    differs from 'feeding cup' as not necessarily used for feeding babies or invalids, sometimes used during cermonies and ritulas such as the feeding of chiefs during tattooing ceremonies, sometimes classed as a relgious object.

  • feeding tube

    A piece of flexible tubing passed through the oral pharynx and into the oesophagus and stomach, through which liquid food is fed. Used to feed patient or in some cases force feeding in case of hunger strikers.

  • female condom

    A barrier form of contraception. It is worn inside the vagina. A flexible ring at the closed end of the tube covers the cervix and holds it in place, while at the other end an open ring stays in place at the vaginal opening. Like the male condom it provides a protective barrier during sex and is used both as a contraceptive and to protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

  • female menopause

    The time in a woman's life when ovulation and menstruation stop and the woman is no longer able to bear children. The menopause can occur at any age between the middle thirties and the middle fifties, but occurs most commonly between 45 and 55.

  • female urinal

    urinal used by women

  • femur

    The thigh bone. It is the longest bone in the human body.

  • Fennings' product

    Alfred Fennings opened a pharmacy in London in 1840 which sold treatments for serious illnesses. A ‘Fennings product’ is from this company, which distributed its wares across Britain.

  • fermentation

    A form of anaerobic respiration (respiration that does not need oxygen) occurring in certain micro-organisms, for example yeasts.

  • fertility

    The natural capacity to give birth.

  • fertility rites

    Rituals and ceremonies, usually with magical or religious overtones, which attempt to tame the unpredictable forces of nature to ensure a plentiful supply of food or the birth of healthy children or, very often, both. They may take the form of prayers, chants, dances and the performing of sacred dramas.

  • fever

    A rise in body temperature above normal. Fever usually occurs as a natural response to infection.

  • fibroid

    Muscle tumours of the uterus.

  • field dressing

    A type of bandage carried by soldiers for immediate use in case of wounds.

  • field hospital

    A temporary hospital set up near a combat zone to provide emergency care for the wounded.

  • filter

    A porous device designed to block certain objects or substances whilst letting others through. Filters are often used to removed solids from a liquid or gas.

  • Finsen lamp

    Niels Ryberg Finsen was a Danish physician who pioneered the use of ultraviolet light – from a Finsen Lamp – in the treatment of a number of skin infections.

  • first aid

    Treatment that is rendered initially for the care of an emergent condition. It is usually performed by a lay person to a sick or injured patient until definitive medical treatment can be accessed

  • first aid kit

    A kit designed to give help to an injured person until proper medical treatment is available

  • fistula

    An abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.

  • flannelgraph

    A piece of flannel as a base for paper or cloth-cut outs, used as a toy or teaching aid.

  • flask

    A bottle with a wide body and a thinner neck used in Chemistry. Traditionally made of glass, but more recently made from plastic.

  • fleam

    A sharp instrument used for opening veins, lancing gums etc.

  • fluoroscope

    An X-ray device equipped with a fluorescent screen on which a patient's insides can be viewed in real time. The patient is constantly exposed to a low X-ray radiation, in contrast to a normal X-ray machine which uses a short burst of a higher level of radiation.

  • fluoroscopy

    The practice of shining a fluorescent back light through X-rays to create an image without developing X-ray photographs. Known as fluoroscopic images.

  • fly paper plate

    A specifically designed ceramic plate used to hold fly paper.

  • fly swatter

    A device for killing insects that consists of a flat piece of perforated rubber or plastic or fine-mesh wire netting attached to a handle.

  • foetal heart rate monitoring

    Measuring the heart rate of the foetus during childbirth is important in modern, medicalised childbirth. The changing beats per minute rate is detected via an electronic foetal heart monitor. The rate can be observed during the birthing process and may prompt medical intervention.

  • foetal monitor

    Any piece of equipment used to monitor the foetus to ensure a healthy pregnancy.

  • foetus

    The name given to the embryo during the later stages of development. In human reproduction it refers to an unborn child from its eighth week of development.

  • folder

    A folding cover or holder for loose papers.

  • foment can

    pan used to apply warmth to the body

  • food warmer

    Device used to keep food warm. Often achieved through tealight candles underneath a wire mesh on which food is placed in dishes.

  • foot warmer

    Object or clothing designed to keep feet warm.

  • footrest

    A support for the foot or feet.

  • forceps

    A pliers-like medical instrument used to grasp tissue.

  • fork - flatware

    Articles of flatware having a handle with a shank terminating in two or more tines, used to manipulate food especially in serving and eating.

  • form - document

    General term referring to documents, which have an established arrangement of different parts and often a fixed order of words.

  • fossil

    The remains of an animal or plant found in rocks.

  • fracture

    The breaking of a bone into two or more pieces

  • freezing microtome

    An instrument in which tissue is frozen using ice salt or ether before being sliced in order to be examined under a microscope.

  • fumigation

    A method of pest control in which an area is filled with pesticide gas in order to poison or suffocate the pests within.

  • fumigator

    An object used to disinfect or purify the air with fumes, often used to eradicate pest infestations from buildings.

  • fundraising

    The process of soliciting and gathering money or other gifts in-kind, by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. Although fundraising typically refers to efforts to gather funds for non-profit organizations, it is sometimes used to refer to the identification and solicitation of investors or other sources of capital for-profit enterprises.

  • furnace

    An enclosed chamber or container used to burn biomass in a controlled manner to produce heat.

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