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Glossary

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G

  • glove

    Coverings for the hand enclosing each finger separately, sometimes extending over the wrist and arm.

  • glucometer

    A medical device used to calculate the approximate concentration of glucose in the blood. It is commonly used by people with diabetes for home diagnosis and treatment.

  • Goa

    The capital of the colonial Portuguese empire in Asia and East Africa which gained its independence from the Portuguese in 1961.

  • goa stone

    A popular 17th century remedy for various fever-like diseases, a goa stone consisting of various drugs made up in the form of a hard ball, from which a portion was scraped as required.

  • goblet

    Drinking glass with a large bowl, of various shapes, resting on a stemmed foot.

  • goggles

    Protective coverings for the eyes having special lenses with shields at the sides and sometimes projecting rims or eye tubes; may consist of two lenses or a single frame and either held in place by two sidepieces extending around the ears or a strap that passes around the back of the head.

  • goitre

    An enlargement of the thyroid gland that is usually visible as a swelling of the neck. Simple goitre occurs when the thyroid gland is unable to meet the demands of the body.

  • goniometer

    An instrument for measuring angles, such as those made by joint movements.

  • gonorrhoea

    A sexually transmitted infection that affects the genital membranes of either sex. Symptoms include a yellowish discharge from the genitals.

  • gorget

    An instrument used in the operation for removal of stones from the bladder. It is a director or guide with a wide groove.

  • gourd

    The ornamental, hard-shelled fruit of a vine.Hollowed gourds can be used as a number of things, including bowls or bottles.

  • gout

    A disease with painful inflammation of the joints caused by deposits of uric acid salts. It results in acute arthritis and chronic destruction of the joints.

  • grape vine

    A vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis, having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes.

  • guillotine

    A wooden machine with a heavy blade that slides vertically. Used for beheading – most famously during and after the French Revolution. Named after Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, who sought to establish a method of execution that was applicable to all classes of people, and which minimised pain.

  • gynaecology

    A branch of medicine dealing with the treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system.

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