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Glossary

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I

  • ice tongs

    Small tongs often with claw-shaped ends used for serving ice cubes.

  • identity card

    A document used to verify aspects of a person's identity.

  • identity disc

    worn by troops during World War 2

  • idiot

    An out of date medical term for a person with profound mental developmental deficiencies. Now considered a term of abuse.

  • image analyser

    consisting of a microscope, camera and detection unit; used to analyse and measure selected componets in an image

  • immune

    To be protected against infectious disease.

  • immune serum

    Immune serum, blood serum from an immunised animal used for passive immunisation, an antiserum, antitoxin or antivenin.

  • immunisation

    A process that improves a organism's ability to resist or overcome infection.

  • immunity

    The condition of being immune, the protection against infectious disease conferred either by the immune response generated by immunisation or previous infection or by other nonimmunologic factors.

  • immunoglobin

    Immunoglobin is a Y-shaped protein that responds to specific attacks upon the body.

  • immunoglobulin

    A specific protein substance that is produced by cells to aid in fighting infection

  • immunology

    A biological speciality. Immunology is the study of the immune system, including how humans fight off disease.

  • impotence

    The inability to gain an erection, or for long enough to sustain intercourse. Around one in ten men are affected regularly, and most men experience erectile dysfunction at some point.

  • incendiary bombs

    Aerial bombs filled with incendiary substances, either liquid, jellied, or solid, and fitted with instantaneous fuzes, designed to kindle fire at their objective.

  • incense burner

    A vessel or stand in or on which incense is burnt for the purpose of scenting a space, whether or not the action also has a ceremonial purpose. For containers, often in the form of a covered vase or sometimes in the form of a tripod, that hold perfumes or pastilles, use "cassolettes."

  • incontinence

    The inability to control the passage of urine or faeces.

  • incubator

    A container in which environmental conditions can be maintained. When babies are born prematurely, they are placed in an incubator to maintain the correct temperature and humidity.

  • indenture

    Legally binding agreements between two or more parties. Usually contracts binding one person to work for another for a given period of time.

  • induction coil

    A type of electrical transformer used to produce a high-voltage alternating current from a low-voltage direct current source.

  • industrial fermenter

    Large stainless steel tank used to grow micro-organisms for the industrial production of enzymes and other chemicals.

  • inflammation

    The body’s response to injury. An inflammation is marked by redness, heat, pain, swelling, and often loss of function. The process leads to the elimination of noxious agents and of damaged tissue.

  • influenza

    A highly contagious viral infection that affects the respiratory system. Common symptoms of the disease are chills and fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness and general discomfort. In more serious cases, influenza may cause pneumonia, which can be fatal.

  • infusion

    The introduction of a fluid other than blood into a vein.

  • ingot

    Mass of any type of metal, cast into convenient shape for storage and transportation, to be rolled, forged, melted, or otherwise processed later.

  • inhalation

    The drawing of air or other substances into the lungs

  • inhaler

    A device for breathing in a drug in order to deliver it to the airways or lungs.

  • injector

    A device using live steam from the boiler or exhaust steam from the steam chest to force water from the water tank into the boiler of a steam locomotive.

  • ink scraper

    Used to spread ink evenly across the back of a stencil or silkscreen, making a clean image on the printed surface. also used in photography printing to dry the photographic paper after it is washed, preventing wrinkles or water spots.

  • ink well

    A small reservoir for ink.

  • inkstand

    Stand for holding inkwells, pens, sand, and other writing equipment.

  • inoculation

    Introduction of material (usually a vaccine) into the body with the aim of producing or boosting immunity to a specific disease.

  • insecticide

    A type of pesticide used specifically against insects.

  • insomnia

    The inability to sleep. It may be caused by anxiety, pain or stimulants such as drugs.

  • inspection saloon

    A service vehicle used for inspecting the railway track.

  • instant film camera

    A type of camera with self-developing film.

  • instruction book

    A book providing the instructions of operation for another object.

  • instructions

    Information in the form of outlines of procedures, as directions or commands. GAHLM.

  • instructions - document genre

    Information in the form of outlines of procedure, as directions or commands.

  • instrument

    Tool used for delicate or precision work.

  • instrument case

    A case of any kind used to hold and/or protect instruments.

  • instrument component

    Parts of an instrument, excluding optics (see optical component) that forms the mechanism, case or ancillary part of the whole device

  • insulating table

    Table used in electric shock therapy to isolate the charge

  • insulin

    A hormone that causes the body's cells to take up glucose from the blood. (Diabetes is the loss of control of the body's levels of insulin.)

  • interference microscope

    A type of electro-microscope that splits light into two beams. This allows a clearer examination of the specimen.

  • interferon

    A substance produced by cells infected with a virus. It has the ability to stop further growth of the virus.

  • intubation

    The insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ, as into the trachea or stomach

  • intubation set

    set of instruments used for intubation - the placement of a tube into an external orafice of the body.

  • inventories

    Detailed lists of things in one's view or possession, as of all goods and materials on hand, or detailed lists of all items in a given category. For documentation of examination conducted to achieve a comprehensive view, use "surveys."

  • invitation card

    Engraved, printed, or written expressions soliciting or requesting a person's company at a certain time and place.

  • invoice

    Documents showing items supplied, together with the prices charged for each; also, itemized bills or accounts.

  • iodine

    A disinfectant used in the First World War.

  • IQ

    Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is a score based on one of several different standardized tests designed to measure intelligence and reasoning ability.

  • iron lung

    An airtight cylinder which a person lies in who is unable to breathe. The air pressure is alternatively raised and lowered, producing suction that causes lungs to inflate and pressure that deflates the lungs. This mimics the breathing process.

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