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Glossary

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M

  • magic bullet

    A remedy (drug or therapy or preventive) that cures or prevents a disease or number of diseases.

  • magnification

    The process of enlarging something in appearance, not in physical size.

  • magnifying glass

    Hand-held, simple or compound magnifying lens with low powers (x3-20) used to closely examine small objects

  • malaria

    Parasitic disease transmitted by certain kinds of mosquito. Malaria is characterized by fever and enlargement of the spleen. Each year, there are approximately 515 million cases of malaria, killing between one and three million people.

  • mandrake root

    The root of any plant in the Mandragora family. The resemblance of the root to a human led to a superstition that when pulled from the ground, the root would produce a shriek that would kill anyone who heard it.

  • mania

    A category of mental illness from the Middle Ages to the 1800s. Those with mania experienced uncontrollability, euphoric highs and bouts of excessive energy.

  • manikin

    Models of the human body used for teaching anatomy or demonstrating surgical operations.

  • manuscript

    A book, document, or other composition written by hand.

  • mask

    A covering worn on or held in front of the face for disguise, to amuse, terrify or to symbolise.

  • massage

    The rubbing or kneading of parts of the body especially to aid circulation, relax the muscles, or provide sensual stimulation.

  • massager

    Instrument used to give or accentuate impact of massage.

  • mastectomy

    The surgical removal of a breast or breasts.

  • materia medica

    A Latin medical term sometimes used to refer to medical substances.

  • measles

    Disease caused by a virus most commonly found in children. Measles is spread through airborne fluids. In roughly the last 150 years, measles has been estimated to have killed 200 million people worldwide.

  • measurement

    Measurement is the process of estimating the magnitude of some attribute of an object, such as its length or weight, relative to some standard (unit of measurement), such as a meter or a kilogram. The act of measuring usually involves using a measuring instrument, such as a ruler, weighing scale, thermometer or speedometer which is calibrated to compare the measured attribute to a measurement unit. Metrology is the scientific study of measurement.

  • measuring cylinder

    piece of laboratory glassware used to accurately measure out volumes of chemicals for use in reactions. They are generally more accurate and precise for this purpose than flasks.

  • measuring device - instrument

    Device used to ascertain the value or extent of an object, with regard to size, volume, mass, position or comparison to a standard amount or property.

  • mechanical arm

    A false arm with the capability to replicate natural functions such as gripping.

  • mechanical leech

    A mechanical device that promotes the flow of blood through surgical wounds. It was used to replicated the effects of having a real leech attached to the body but without the risk of infection.

  • medal

    Small pieces of metal, usually gold, silver, or bronze, bearing a relief design on one or both sides and having a commemorative purpose; not used as a medium of exchange. Medals may also be created to commemorate individuals or events or even as works of artistic expression in their own right.

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