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Glossary

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M

  • methylpentynol

    sedative used to calm the nerves

  • methylphenidate

    generic name for Ritalin

  • microbiology

    Branch of biology that deals with micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, and their effects.

  • micro-organism

    A tiny single-celled living organism too small to be seen by the naked eye. Micro-organisms that cause disease are called bacteria.

  • microscope

    Instrument that provides a magnified view of an object being studied usually by optical means. Electrons, X-rays and ultra-violet light can be used instead of visible light

  • microscopical preparation

    slides prepared for examination under the microscope

  • microscopy

    The use of microscopes to study objects or samples. The three major types of microscopy are optical, electron and scanning probe microscopy.

  • microsurgery

    Reconstructive surgery on small body parts. Microsurgery is performed under magnification using delicate instruments and precise techniques.

  • microtome

    An instrument used to cut thin sections of biological material so that they can be examined under a microscope.

  • midwife

    A person, usually a woman who assists during childbirth. Historically, many midwives learnt through experience rather than formal training.

  • midwifery

    The medical speciality for women who help during childbirth, as well as the period before and immediately afterwards.

  • military medal

    A military medal is a decoration given to military personnel or units for heroism in battle or distinguished service. They are designed to be worn on military uniform.

  • mill

    A machine or device that reduces a solid or coarse substance into pulp or minute grains by crushing, grinding, or pressing

  • mineral

    In nutrition, naturally occuring substances that are an important dietary element

  • minim measure

    used to measure a minim - one sixteenth of a drachm, equivalent to one drop of water; unit of volume , specifically 1/60th of a fluidram or 1/480th of a fluid ounce. Used 1824-1963 in the United Kingdom; 1963 Weights and Measures Act provided for the abolition of the minim

  • mirror - furnishing

    Objects with a highly polished surface, often framed, which are designed to reflect images.

  • miscarriage

    A miscarriage is where a pregnancy ends before 24 weeks. Miscarriages occur in between ten and twenty per cent of all pregnancies.

  • mitral valve

    a valve in the heart consisting of two cusps attached to the walls at the opening between the left atrium and left ventricle. It allows blood to pass from the atrium to the ventricle, but prevents any backward flow.

  • MMR vaccine

    Combined vaccination for Measles, Mumps and Rubella (German measles). It is given to children aged 13 months, with a booster dose at 3-5 years. The vaccine is widely used. In the UK, the MMR vaccine was controversially but incorrectly linked with autism.

  • moccasins

    Heelless footwear made entirely of soft leather, as deerskin, with the sole brought up to form part or all of the upper portion covering the foot, and with a back seam; worn originally by indigenous peoples of North America. Also, shoes of similar construction, with hard sole and heel attached, made of soft or hard leather or leatherlike material.

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