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Glossary

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M

  • medallion - medal

    Large commemorative medal, made of metal, usually gold, silver, or bronze, bearing a relief design on one or both sides and having a commemorative purpose; not used as a medium of exchange. Medallions may be created to commemorate individuals or events or even as works of artistic expression in their own right.

  • medals

    Small pieces of metal, usually gold, silver, or bronze, bearing a relief design on one or both sides and having a commemorative purpose; not used as a medium of exchange. THDAT.

  • medical education

    Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor (i.e., medical school and internship) or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency and fellowship.)

  • medical jurisprudence

    the study or practice of the legal aspects of medicine, now known as forensic medicine

  • medical statistics

    Data concerning all elements of health and disease, e.g. the number of people with a certain disease.

  • medicine bottle

    Bottle of varying size, shape, and style made for use by an apothecary. For bottle labelled with the names of standard medicine, use "apothecary bottles."

  • medicine chest

    Small chests fitted for bottles and intended to hold medical supplies; of a type made in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

  • medicine glass

    Glass made to a certain standard used to administer medicine.

  • meditation

    A mental and emotional state sometimes described as concentrated relaxation, in which the meditating person empties the mind of troubling thoughts and feels at peace with others

  • megaphone

    Hollow devices used to intensify and direct the sound of a voice, usually, though not always, taking the shape of a long cone with a small hole at one end through which the user speaks, and a much wider opening at the other from which the sound emerges.

  • melancholia

    A category of mental illness from the Middle Ages to the 1800s. Melancholia expressed itself as dejection, anguish, sensations of mistrust, anxiety and trepidation with some hallucinations.

  • membership card

    Card issued to individual members of an organization attesting to the fact of their membership, typically wallet-sized and carrying the name of the member and the name or logo of the organization.

  • memento

    An object kept as a reminder or souvenir of a person or an event

  • memento mori

    Symbols intended to remind the viewer of death. Memento mori are often objects such as skulls or hourglasses, but can also be written inscriptions.

  • memorabilia

    used for objects connected with a memorable event

  • memorandum

    Documents recording information used for internal communication.

  • memorial

    A written statement of facts or a petition presented to a legislative body or an executive.

  • meningitis

    A severe medical condition that can come in both viral and bacterial form. Meningitis causes inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms include headache, fever, nausea, stiffness of the neck and an aversion to light.

  • menorrhagia

    abnormally heavy bleeding at menstruation

  • menstrual cycle

    The stage during which the female body prepares for pregnancy. The cycle consists of the thickening of the uterus lining and the release of an egg into the uterus from the ovaries. If the egg is not fertilized, the thickened lining dissolves and is released as a 'period'. In humans, the average cycle length is 28 days, and occurs in females who have reached puberty.

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