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Glossary

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M

  • model - representation

    Use for a scaled representation of an object or structure, usually three-dimensional. The item is often idealised or modified to make it conceptually easier to understand.

  • molecular biology

    The study of the structure and function of large molecules associated with living organisms, particularly proteins and the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. OXFSCI.

  • molecular model

    a physical model that represents molecules and their processes and structures

  • molecule

    One of the fundamental units forming a chemical compound; the smallest part of a chemical compound that can take part in a chemical reaction

  • monaural stethoscope

    An instrument used to listen to sounds produced by the human body.

  • monocular microscope

    Microscope with a single viewing eyepiece, as distinct from binocular or stereomicroscopes. It should be noted that monocular microscopes can be fitted with a binocular eyepiece to give pseudo-stereo views

  • mood stabilisers

    Drugs such as lithium carbonate used in the treatment of bipolar disorders

  • morphine

    A painkilling drug derived from opium. Morphine is used in hospitals around the world due to its relative lack of side effects.

  • mortality

    The number of deaths which occur in a given area or period, from a particular disease, etc.; the average frequency of death; death rate.

  • mortar

    Cup-shaped vessel in which drugs or herbal mixtures are pounded with a pestle.

  • mortsafe

    A stone or iron vault that protects a coffin or grave. Most common in the 1800s, its invention was supposedly a response to grave-robbing by medical students searching for bodies to dissect.

  • mortuary cross

    small cross made of lead used in England during the Great Plague of 1348, to denote a plague death

  • mosquito net

    A see-through net to keep off mosquitoes. The mesh used is fine enough to exclude these insects, but it does not completely impede the flow of air. Mosquito nets are often used where malaria or other insect-borne diseases are common, especially as a tent-like covering over a bed. For effectiveness, it is important that the netting not have holes or gaps large enough to allow insects to enter.

  • mourning

    Trial term S&H

  • mourning clothes

    Articles of clothing worn as an expression of grief and remembrance by those mourning the death of a loved one. Although different clothes are worn in different cultures, the most common custom is the wearing of very dark and sombre clothing.

  • mouth dilator

    Instrument used to keep the mouth open during surgery.

  • mouth gag

    device for preventing the mouth from being closed which permits the passage of the hand or an easily damaged piece of equipment such as a rubber stomach tube.

  • moxibustion

    a therapeutic technique used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in which acupuncture points are stimulated by the application of burning moxa. Moxa is prepared from the ground young leaves of plants of the genus Artemisia – particularly Artemisia vulgaris. Slow burning moxa can be applied directly to the skin or burned on the head of an acupuncture needle in a combination therapy.

  • moxibustion helmet

    Clay 'Helmet' device used for Helmet Moxibustion, also known as Dream or Earthern Mortar Moxibustion, to allow burning moxa to be supported on a patients head, for use by blind practitioners in Japan

  • MRI

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). A technique for producing high quality images of internal organs and tissues. MRI uses radio waves to achieve its results. It is particularly effective in detecting cancers.

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