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Glossary

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  • nameplate

    A cast plate depicting the name of a locomotive.

  • napkin ring

    Ring or band through which a folded napkin is inserted, often as part of a place setting

  • narcolepsy

    A medical disorder. Symptoms include extreme tendency to fall asleep in quiet surroundings or when engaged in repetitive activities. The patient can be woken easily and is immediately alert.

  • narcotic

    A term used to describe any drug that can dull the senses or cause numbness. In the USA the term is applied to all drugs that are classified as illegal.

  • nasal dropper

    A small container used to pour medicated oils into the nose. Allows the liquid to be applied drop by drop.

  • naturopathy

    A complementary practice that only uses natural products for drugs as well as diet, massage and exercise.

  • nausea

    A feeling of sickness felt in the stomach and often leading to vomiting. Nausea is particularly associated with seasickness and motion sickness.

  • naval ship

    Watercraft designed primarily for use in warfare, either in combat operations or to provide services and support for such operations

  • necklace

    Ornaments worn around the neck, usually in the form of chains or strands of beads, pearls, stones, or the like, and often including a suspended ornamental pendant. Use "chokers" for short, narrow necklaces worn close to the throat. Use "dog collars (necklaces)" for wide ornamental bands worn tightly around the neck.

  • necktie

    Cords, bands, or similar flexible devices used for fastening, especially by interlacing, such as in a knot or bow.

  • negative - photographic

    Refers to photographs, usually on a transparent support, in which the tones or colors are reversed from their appearance in nature.

  • nervous diseases

    Diseases of the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. These include Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome (CJD), Parkinson’s disease and meningitis.

  • netsuke

    Small ornamental object carved in wood or ivory. Netsuke were used as toggles (buttons) for Japanese kimonos or pouches in the 1600s.

  • neuralgia

    Spasms of pain which extend along one or more nerves.

  • neurology

    The study of the functions, anatomy and organic disorders of the nervous system.

  • neurosurgery

    A surgical speciality that treats diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and nervous system.

  • newsletter

    In the 16th and 17th centuries, manuscript reports produced for special subscribers and issued irregularly or weekly; from the 20th century to the present, periodic reports on the activities of a business or organization.

  • newspaper

    Paper that is printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short intervals and which contain news, editorials and opinions, features, advertising, and other matter considered of general interest.

  • newspaper cutting

    Illustrations, pages, articles, or columns of text removed from books, newspapers, journals, or other printed sources.

  • newspapers

    Papers that are printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short intervals and which contain news, editorials and opinions, features, advertising, and other matter considered of general interest. GAHLM.

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