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Glossary

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P

  • pacemaker

    An abbreviation for ‘cardiac pacemaker’. It is a small device implanted in the heart that consists of electrodes. The electrodes emit electrical impulses to regulate the beating of the heart.

  • packet

    A small package or parcel, usually containing an object or objects.

  • paediatrics

    The branch of medicine dealing with the medical care of children, infants and adolescents. The patient age limit is usually 14-18, depending on the country. A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a paediatrician.

  • painting

    Creative work in the medium of oil paint.

  • pamphlet

    Complete, nonperiodical printed works generally of fewer than 80 pages, often with a paper cover, sometimes short treatises on arguments or topics of current interest. For smaller printed works, of one sheet folded and not stitched or bound, use "leaflets."

  • pandemic

    An epidemic that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the population.

  • pannier

    A large basket, sometimes arranged in pairs and carried on the shoulders or, commonly, on a motorcycle or bicycle.

  • pannikin

    Small earthenware or now metal drinking vessels.

  • pap boat

    A small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. Boat shaped container with one end having an extending lip for placing the mouth.

  • paralysis

    The loss of function in one or more muscle groups. It causes loss of mobility and feeling.

  • parasite

    An organism which obtains food and shelter from another organism. The second organism is known as the host. The host is harmed in some way by the parasite. Examples of human parasites include the tape worm and the head louse.

  • paratyphoid fever

    A prolonged illness commonly caused by a form of salmonella. It is similar to typhoid fever but less severe.

  • parturition

    The act or process of giving birth to a child

  • parturition chair

    Chair used during parturition, a seat in which a mother may give birth to her child

  • pastille

    A small medicated or flavoured tablet.

  • pastille burner

    used to burn substances with deodorising or fumigating properties

  • patent

    Grants made by a government to an inventor, assuring the inventor the sole right to make, use, and sell the invention for a certain period of time.

  • pathological anatomy

    The branch of anatomy concerned with the structural changes of the body that accompany disease. Pathological anatomy became central to medical research in the 1800s.

  • pathology

    The branch of medicine concerned with disease, especially its structure and effects on the body.

  • patient history

    The case history and background of a medical patient. Knowing what illnesses the patient has had can help a doctor make a diagnosis about their current condition.

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