An abbreviation for ‘cardiac pacemaker’. It is a small device implanted in the heart that consists of electrodes. The electrodes emit electrical impulses to regulate the beating of the heart.
A small package or parcel, usually containing an object or objects.
The branch of medicine dealing with the medical care of children, infants and adolescents. The patient age limit is usually 14-18, depending on the country. A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a paediatrician.
Creative work in the medium of oil paint.
Complete, nonperiodical printed works generally of fewer than 80 pages, often with a paper cover, sometimes short treatises on arguments or topics of current interest. For smaller printed works, of one sheet folded and not stitched or bound, use "leaflets."
An epidemic that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the population.
A large basket, sometimes arranged in pairs and carried on the shoulders or, commonly, on a motorcycle or bicycle.
Small earthenware or now metal drinking vessels.
A small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. Boat shaped container with one end having an extending lip for placing the mouth.
The loss of function in one or more muscle groups. It causes loss of mobility and feeling.
An organism which obtains food and shelter from another organism. The second organism is known as the host. The host is harmed in some way by the parasite. Examples of human parasites include the tape worm and the head louse.
A prolonged illness commonly caused by a form of salmonella. It is similar to typhoid fever but less severe.
The act or process of giving birth to a child
Chair used during parturition, a seat in which a mother may give birth to her child
A small medicated or flavoured tablet.
used to burn substances with deodorising or fumigating properties
Grants made by a government to an inventor, assuring the inventor the sole right to make, use, and sell the invention for a certain period of time.
The branch of anatomy concerned with the structural changes of the body that accompany disease. Pathological anatomy became central to medical research in the 1800s.
The branch of medicine concerned with disease, especially its structure and effects on the body.
The case history and background of a medical patient. Knowing what illnesses the patient has had can help a doctor make a diagnosis about their current condition.
used to transport patients between wards and departments
A saint believed to protect or guide a place or particular group of people.
A book recording payments to a bank or society.
pen - drawing and writing
Hand-held instrument for writing or drawing with a colored fluid such as ink. A pen generally comprises a handle or holder and a pointed tip for distributing the fluid on the drawing surface. The term may also refer to an instrument for machine-controlled writing or drawing with ink.
Hanging articles of jewellery, usually suspended from a necklace, but also includes Renaissance examples fastened to the sleeve often worn as decorative ornaments; can also be an article of devotional, magical, or mourning jewelry which then may sometimes be concealed under clothing.
The first antibiotic drug to treat infections which is made from the mould penicillium. Its discovery is attributed to Alexander Fleming in 1928.
A collective growth of penicillium caused by bacteria. This was how penicillin was first discovered and grown by Alexander Fleming.
Practice where a doctor taps on parts of the patient’s body with his fingers or an instrument called a plessor. The resulting sounds and vibrations reveal the presence of fluid or tissue that has hardened.
A small hammer, usually with soft rubber head, used to tap the body directly, in percussion of the chest or other part.
used for artifical perfusion
Common term for vaginal bleeding, which happens once a month as part of a female's menstrual cycle. Periods usually last from one to five days and begin when a girl reaches puberty.
A magazine or journal that is published at various intervals.
Personal Information Carrier
A biometric card containing medical history and personal details of the carrier.
weighing machine or device specifically for determing the weight of an individual person, usually but not always in a domestic environment. Characterised by weighing platform or chair, based on the steelyard lever principle (Distinct from bathroom scales)
An object placed in the vagina and used to deliver medicine, as a contraceptive or as a muscle support.
An elongated piece of hard material usually made of stone. A pestle is used for grinding pigments, herbs, spices or other materials in a mortar.
A shallow dish used in science to grow micro-organisms. A Petri dish is circular, transparent and has a lid.
pH and blood gas analyser
A machine used to detect the pH level of blood. The pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide can also be measured.
A machine used to identify phages - a virus that attacks bacteria.
An object shaped like a penis
The preparation and medicinal dispensing of drugs.
Used to store equipment and drugs in a pharmacy
first commercially available semi synthetic penicillin
Mucus produced by the respiratory system, and expelled by coughing. Healthy phlegm is normally clear and white.
The use of photography to obtain a permanent record (a photomicrograph) of the image of an object as viewed through a microscope.
A representation of a human head, on which the phrenological faculties are illustrated. Phrenologists believed that one could tell personality traits by examining the bumps of the skull. The practice is now regarded as a pseudo-science.
The study of the bumps on the outside of the skull in order to determine a person's character. It was based on the mistaken theory that the skull becomes modified according to the size of different parts of the brain.
The study of humans, mainly their biological and physical make-up as well as their evolutionary history.
In the UK, a specialist in internal medicine, in the USA, the title refers to a general medical doctor.
The study and interpretation of facial features to find the qualities of mind or character. It is based on the belief that an individual’s physical characteristics reflected their personality, an idea now rejected within medicine.
The science of the functioning of living organisms and their component parts.
Exercise helpful to those with physical illness, for example stroke, or back injuries. A physical therapist is a specialist trained in using exercise and physical activities to condition and improve muscles.
Swellings that develop from three pads or cushions of tissue that line the anal canal.
A small box for pills
used to prepare pills
used to make pills and tablets
Tile used to roll and divide pills on - this helped determine the dosage of the pill.
A type of spectacle that rests solely on the nose. Translates from French as nose-pinch
A graduated tube (marked in ml) used to transport a definite volume of a gas or liquid in laboratory work.
The placenta is an organ, rooted to the lining of the womb, which links an unborn baby's blood supply to the mother’s. By linking to the mother's blood supply, the placenta carries out functions that the unborn baby cannot.
An acute contagious fever with high levels of mortality. Both the 'Black Death' that swept Europe in the 1340s and the Great Plague of London in 1665 are believed to have been bubonic plague.
An ornamental tablet of metal, porcelain etc that depicts a person, scene or inscription. Often fixed to a building in commemoration of a person or notable historical occurence.
The liquid component of blood, in which the blood cells are suspended. Plasma makes up around 55 per cent of blood's total volume.
A term that refers to a variety of protective coverings or dressings.
A surgical speciality dealing with the restoration or construction of the body. Often used to refer to elective surgery done for aesthetic reasons.
A shallow vessel usually circular and of earthenware or china from which food is eaten or served.
An instrument for recording and measuring variations in the volume of organs or parts of the body. This is often caused by changes in blood pressure.
The membranes covering the lungs and the inner cavity
A condition caused by the inflammation of the pleura (the linings between the lungs and the ribcage). Symptoms include fever, chest pain and discomfort.
A small, hard, elastic plate, made of ivory, bone, or rubber, placed in contact with body to receive a blow from a hammer or percussor.
Inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria. The air sacs (alveoli) become filled with inflammatory cells and the lungs eventually become solid.
Watches meant to be carried in pockets, as opposed, for example to be worn on the wrist or carried on chains.
Any agent which, when introduced into the animal organism, is capable of producing a morbid, noxious, or deadly effect upon it. poisons are usually defined seperately from toxins or venoms as substances which are absorbed through epithelial linings such as the skin or gut.
Cup used to detect poisons by sampling and mixing with other materials.
An infectious disease affecting the central nervous system. Affected individuals can exhibit a range of symptoms if the polio virus enters the blood stream.
a machine designed to detect and record changes in physiological characteristics, such as a person's pulse and breathing rates, used especially as a lie detector.
Small containers for fragrant spices or perfumes. A pomander was originally carried in the belief that it kept infection away.
A small bowl with one or two handles, usually made of silver or pewter and most commonly used for eating greul or porridge. Popular in England and America from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person.
A vessel for posset (hot milk curdled with ale or wine and seasoned with spices). Made in England in the 1700s and 1800s out of stoneware, tin-glazed earthenware, or glass.
Physical box for public and private use, used to collect outgoing mail
A medical procedure that consists of an examination to discover the cause and manner of a death.
Notice, usually printed on paper, intended to be posted to advertise, promote, or publicise an activity, cause, product, or service; also, decorative, mass-produced prints intended for hanging.
post-traumatic stress disorder
PTSD can start after any traumatic event causing nightmares, flashbacks, headaches and an inability to relax. PTSD has debilitating and even fatal consequences including depression, aggression and suicide.
pot - container
Cylindrical or rounded container, often of metal or earthenware, of varying size; used chiefly for domestic purposes.
Cover which is usually hinged or otherwise attached to a container.
A soft moist mass that is spread on cloth and applied over the skin to treat an aching or inflamed part of the body.
A small box with a perforated top, formerly used to sprinkle sand or pounce on writing paper to dry the ink of a letter.
a wheeled carriage for a baby, pushed by a person on foot.
A board placed on a wall in a religious place of worship. Prayers are written down and submitted by members of the church.
(especially in Tibetan Buddhism) a flag on which prayers are inscribed.
Cylindrical box often wooden, usually vertically mounted with external inscription or containing a mantra script. Used as an aid to meditation, with each revolution of the box being equal to the reciting of the religious text. Used in Buddism and common in Tibet.
pre and post natal detector
Diagnostic instrument designed by Michele Clements to detect pre and post natal hearing and limb movements, heart rates and breathing rates in newborns
The condition of having a developing unborn embryo or foetus in the body. A human pregnancy is usually of 40 weeks gestation.
The birth of a baby before 37 weeks (259 days) of pregnancy.
Tests carried out to estimate whether a foetus is developing typically or shows signs of a possible medical condition.
Pictorial works produced by transferring images by means of a matrix such as a plate, block, or screen, using any of various printing processes. When emphasizing the individual printed image, use "impressions." Avoid the controversial expression "original prints," except in reference to discussions of the expression's use. If prints are neither "reproductive prints" nor "popular prints," use just "prints." With regard to photographs, use "photographic prints"; for types of reproductions of technical drawings and documents, use terms found under "<reprographic copies>."
medal awarded to commemorate an achievement.
A long, slender, flexible rod having a tuft or sponge at the end, used to remove foreign bodies from or apply medication to the larynx or asophagus
medical tool used during diagnostic process
profound hypothermia unit
An instrument used during heart surgery to induce hypothermia and slow down the beating of the heart
profound mental retardation
A level of mental retardation or mental disorder associated with an IQ below 20.
The falling down or sinking, of a part. To fall out of place.
Artificial body parts, or materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic effect. Prostheses can be functional (artificial arms and legs), or cosmetic (artificial eye).
used to replace hands
The act or instance of warding off a threat, or preserves somone or something from injury or harm.
Type spectacle with strenghened glass or other transparent medium to protect against flying particles, but not providing correction for defective vision.
Proteins are large organic compounds made of amino acids. They are essential to all living cells and organisms.
prototype - object genre
Original form of an object, which is used as an example. Whenever a new design for a building or machine is being developed, a prototype will be made. The prototype is often a smaller version of the final product.
Psychiatric hospital specialising in the treatment of serious mental illness, usually for relatively long-term patients.
A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness.
A term used to describe drugs that affect mood and the mind.
A form of information directed to citizens of a governmental body regarding government-related activities. Public notices have traditionally been published in specified governmental publications and in local newspapers, a common source for community information.
A blood infection suffered by some mothers soon after birth. The main symptom is a fever in the first 24 hours following delivery.
A deadly airborne disease which attacks the lungs.
The throbbing of the arteries as blood flows through them. The pulse matches the rate at which the heart is beating.
An instrument consisting of a glass tube with terminal bulbs, containing ether or alcohol, which the heat of the hand causes to boil - so called from the pulsating motion of the liquid when thus warmed. Using a pulse glass in an experiment demonstrates Charles' law, that the volume of a given amount of dry ideal gas is directly proportional to the temperature if the amount of gas and the pressure remains fixed.
A small inflammation of the skin, containing pus.
The process of bacteria decomposing proteins, often leaving a strong and unpleasant smell.
Use for recreational artifacts designed as amusements or diversions by presenting constructional difficulties to be solved by ingenuity or patient effort