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Glossary

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P

  • paralysis

    The loss of function in one or more muscle groups. It causes loss of mobility and feeling.

  • parasite

    An organism which obtains food and shelter from another organism. The second organism is known as the host. The host is harmed in some way by the parasite. Examples of human parasites include the tape worm and the head louse.

  • paratyphoid fever

    A prolonged illness commonly caused by a form of salmonella. It is similar to typhoid fever but less severe.

  • parcels van

    A railway vehicle dedicated to the carriage of parcels and similar traffic.

  • parcels waybill

    A label attached to a parcel in transit to indicate destination, consignee etc.

  • parliamentary paper

    Use for documents presented to parliament

  • parturition

    The act or process of giving birth to a child

  • parturition chair

    Chair used during parturition, a seat in which a mother may give birth to her child

  • pass

    A railway ticket or other device permitting the holder to travel (usually without charge or at a concessionary fare).

  • passenger communication cord

    An early means of passenger alarm communication with driver and guard.

  • passimeter

    A free-standing kiosk in the ticket hall of a station, designed to combine facilities for issuing tickets on entry and checking them on exit and equipped with turnstiles operated by the booking clerk.

  • pastille

    A small medicated or flavoured tablet.

  • pastille burner

    used to burn substances with deodorising or fumigating properties

  • patent

    Grants made by a government to an inventor, assuring the inventor the sole right to make, use, and sell the invention for a certain period of time.

  • pathological anatomy

    The branch of anatomy concerned with the structural changes of the body that accompany disease. Pathological anatomy became central to medical research in the 1800s.

  • pathology

    The branch of medicine concerned with disease, especially its structure and effects on the body.

  • patient history

    The case history and background of a medical patient. Knowing what illnesses the patient has had can help a doctor make a diagnosis about their current condition.

  • patient trolley

    used to transport patients between wards and departments

  • patron saint

    A saint believed to protect or guide a place or particular group of people.

  • pay check

    An engraved or embossed metal token used to establish identity when collecting a pay packet.

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