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Glossary

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P

  • pharmacy cabinet

    Used to store equipment and drugs in a pharmacy

  • phenethicillin

    first commercially available semi synthetic penicillin

  • phlegm

    Mucus produced by the respiratory system, and expelled by coughing. Healthy phlegm is normally clear and white.

  • photomicrography

    The use of photography to obtain a permanent record (a photomicrograph) of the image of an object as viewed through a microscope.

  • phrenological head

    A representation of a human head, on which the phrenological faculties are illustrated. Phrenologists believed that one could tell personality traits by examining the bumps of the skull. The practice is now regarded as a pseudo-science.

  • phrenology

    The study of the bumps on the outside of the skull in order to determine a person's character. It was based on the mistaken theory that the skull becomes modified according to the size of different parts of the brain.

  • physical anthropology

    The study of humans, mainly their biological and physical make-up as well as their evolutionary history.

  • physician

    In the UK, a specialist in internal medicine, in the USA, the title refers to a general medical doctor.

  • physiognomy

    The study and interpretation of facial features to find the qualities of mind or character. It is based on the belief that an individual’s physical characteristics reflected their personality, an idea now rejected within medicine.

  • physiology

    The science of the functioning of living organisms and their component parts.

  • physiotherapy

    Exercise helpful to those with physical illness, for example stroke, or back injuries. A physical therapist is a specialist trained in using exercise and physical activities to condition and improve muscles.

  • piles

    Swellings that develop from three pads or cushions of tissue that line the anal canal.

  • pill box

    A small box for pills

  • pill cutter

    used to prepare pills

  • pill mould

    used to make pills and tablets

  • pill tile

    Tile used to roll and divide pills on - this helped determine the dosage of the pill.

  • pince-nez

    A type of spectacle that rests solely on the nose. Translates from French as nose-pinch

  • pipette

    A graduated tube (marked in ml) used to transport a definite volume of a gas or liquid in laboratory work.

  • placenta

    The placenta is an organ, rooted to the lining of the womb, which links an unborn baby's blood supply to the mother’s. By linking to the mother's blood supply, the placenta carries out functions that the unborn baby cannot.

  • plague

    An acute contagious fever with high levels of mortality. Both the 'Black Death' that swept Europe in the 1340s and the Great Plague of London in 1665 are believed to have been bubonic plague.

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