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Glossary

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S

  • safe sex kit

    Set of items and information leaflets designed to encourage safe sex. Would include condoms and guide to their application as well as other information.

  • safety pin

    Pins for fastening separate articles, as garments, bent back on itself so as to form a spring, and with a guard or sheath to cover the point and prevent accidental unfastening.

  • salamander

    A type of amphibian found worldwide, except in Australia and the polar regions. It has an elongated body, a long tail and short legs.

  • salivette

    A trademarked device for saliva sampling.

  • salmonella

    A bacteria that inhabits the intestines of animals and humans, causing infection.

  • Salvarsan kit

    Also known as Arsphenamine or 606, Salvarsan is a synthetic form of arsenic that is used to treat syphilis.

  • sample

    Individual units, segments, or small quantities taken as evidence of the quality or character of the entire group or lot

  • samples

    Individual units, segments, or small quantities taken as evidence of the quality or character of the entire group or lot. W.

  • sand-glass

    Device to measure equal periods of time by the motion of sand or other free-flowing, fine-grained substances through a narrow aperture between two triangular or conical glass bulbs arranged mouth to mouth; probably introduced in the early 14th century and used then especially for timekeeping on board ships. Hour-glass or minute-glass are specific examples.

  • sanitary reform

    Reforms designed to improve working and living conditions. In the 1800s these were particularly targeted at the working class population.

  • sarcophagus

    A stone coffin, most notably used by the ancient Egyptians and Romans.

  • sarsaparilla

    a preparation of the dried rhizomes of various plants, especially smilax, used to flavour some drinks and medicines and formerly as a tonic.

  • satire

    An artistic form where human actions and errors are mocked.

  • scales - weighing device

    Instruments for determining the weight of objects or substances.

  • scalpel

    A small thin sharp blade used by surgeons.

  • scanning tunnelling microscope

    Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a non-optical microscope that scans an electrical probe over a surface to be imaged to detect a weak electric current flowing between the tip and the surface

  • scarification

    The process of making a series of cuts or scratches in the skin to allow a substance to enter the body.

  • scarificator

    A surgical instrument with several spring-operated lancets, used to break the skin.

  • scarlet fever

    An acute contagious disease caused by streptococcus bacteria occurring predominantly among children and characterized by a scarlet skin eruption and high fever.

  • scarlet fever test

    trial term S&H

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