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Glossary

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S

  • sarcophagus

    A stone coffin, most notably used by the ancient Egyptians and Romans.

  • sarsaparilla

    a preparation of the dried rhizomes of various plants, especially smilax, used to flavour some drinks and medicines and formerly as a tonic.

  • satire

    An artistic form where human actions and errors are mocked.

  • sauce boat

    Boat-shaped vessels, usually with a long pouring lip at one end and a handle at the other or two pouring lips and a central handle, used for serving sauces, gravies, or the like.

  • saucer

    Small plates, generally 3 to 4 inches in diameter, used to hold a cup.

  • saw

    Cutting tools having thin, flat metal blades, bands, or stiff plates with cutting teeth along the edges.

  • scales - weighing device

    Instruments for determining the weight of objects or substances.

  • scales (rules)

    Rules with proportioned graduations for measuring or making scale drawings.

  • scalpel

    A small thin sharp blade used by surgeons.

  • scanning tunnelling microscope

    Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a non-optical microscope that scans an electrical probe over a surface to be imaged to detect a weak electric current flowing between the tip and the surface

  • scarification

    The process of making a series of cuts or scratches in the skin to allow a substance to enter the body.

  • scarificator

    A surgical instrument with several spring-operated lancets, used to break the skin.

  • scarlet fever

    An acute contagious disease caused by streptococcus bacteria occurring predominantly among children and characterized by a scarlet skin eruption and high fever.

  • scarlet fever test

    trial term S&H

  • schizophrenia

    A mental disorder that has symptoms of delusions, hallucinations and a loss of a sense of self and relationship to the external world that lasts over a long period of time (more than six months).

  • schooner

    Refers to a fore-and-aft-rigged sailing vessel with two or more masts, especially those with only two masts in which the aftermast is taller than the foremast; for two-masted sailing vessels in which the aftermast is the shorter one, see "ketches (fore-and-aft-rigged vessels)" or "yawls (sailing vessels)."

  • sciatica

    Syndrome characterised by pain radiating from the back into the buttock and into the lower extremity the term is also used to refer to pain anywhere along the course of the sciatic nerve (the hip region).

  • scissors

    Cutting tool consisting of two bevel-edged cutting blades with handles and being movable past one another on a pivot in the center by which they are held together.

  • sclera

    The white fibrous outer layer of the eyeball. It covers approximately the five sixths of its surface and continuous anteriorly with the cornea and posteriorly with the external sheath of the optic nerve.

  • Scold's bridle

    A punishment for women who spoke too much or were troublesome. Also referred to as 'the brank' or 'branks', it consisted of an iron cage that covered the head with a gag that projected into the mouth. This gag was often studded to heighten the punishment.

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