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Glossary

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S

  • splint

    A rigid device of plastic, wood or plaster that serves to immobilize or support an injury. Generally strapped alongside an injured limb.

  • spontaneous generation

    The supposed production of living organisms from non-living matter, a common belief until the 1800s.

  • spoon

    A utensil consiting of an oval or round end-piece (bowl) and a handle for conveying food, especially liquid, to the mouth, or employed in the culinary preparation of this.

  • spout - container component

    Tubular protruberance through which the contents of a vessel may be poured or sometimes drunk.

  • spray gun

    Implements used for spraying paint or other substances over large areas.

  • spring balance

    Balance in which the weight of the sample or the exertion of a force is balanced and thus measured by the extension of a spring.

  • sputum

    Material coughed up from the chest and throat. Its characteristics (colour, texture, etc.) often provide important information affecting the diagnosis of respiratory disease.

  • sputum bottle

    used to safely dispose sputum and spit from tuberculosis patients

  • staff

    A stick carried in the hand as an aid in walking or climbing. Usually broader or longer than a walking stick.

  • staining

    A technique in which cells or thin sections of biological tissue are placed in coloured dyes (stains) to make them visible through a microscope. Staining heightens the contrast between transparent cell or tissue components.

  • staining apparatus

    used to stain blood film preparations

  • stamp

    Instruments for stamping, such as dies or tools for impressing or marking a design or pattern on metal, paper, or other soft or absorbent material.

  • stand - support furniture

    Small often tablelike pieces of furniture used for holding or displaying objects.

  • State Registered Nurse

    A State Registered Nurse (SRN) is a person who practises nursing and who has been trained to a level that meets the standards of the Nursing and Midwifery Council in the UK.

  • statistics

    The collecting and classifying of numerical data.

  • statue

    A sculpture in the round representing human or animal figures or small figure groups; a statuette is a smaller sculpture.

  • steatopygia

    Steatopygia, from the Greek steato meaning fat and pygia meaning buttocks, is defined as excessive fat of the buttocks, usually seen in women and sometimes called Hottentot Bustle because it was commonly seen in the Hottentot people of southern Africa. This affliction is characterized by protrusion and excessive fatness of just the buttock region. http://www.springerlink.com/content/l73768n545236942/

  • stem-cell research

    Stem cells are cells that can develop into specialised cells and have a unlimited number of times it can divide. Stem cells in an embryo are capable of developing into the cells and thus organs and tissues a health adult requires. The use and research into stem cells is controversial.

  • stenosis

    Narrowing of a duct or canal

  • stereotaxic apparatus

    Apparatus for a system of three-dimensional coordinates to locate the site to be operated on during brain surgery.

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