Surgical procedures that make a person infertile i.e. unable to have children.
An instrument used to make objects sterile by killing or eliminating agents such as fungi, bacteria and viruses.
A noisy inspiration occurring in coma or deep sleep, sometimes due to obstruction of the larynx or upper airways.
An apparatus for measuring the external movements of a given point of the chest wall, during respiration; also called thoracometer.
A device which is used to listen to sounds produced by the human body. Ordinarily a stethoscope consists of rubber tubing in the shape of a Y.
Adhesive-backed slips of paper or similar thin material, usually bearing messages or designs.
Bodily marks or sores believed to correspond to the crucifixion marks of Jesus Christ.
J-shaped organ, lying to the left and slightly below the diaphragm in human beings; one of the organs of the digestive system. The stomach produces gastric juices that break down proteins.
An apparatus for removing the contents of the stomach by means of suction. A stomach pumping is performed using a flexible rubber tube that is passed through the mouth and advanced to the stomach. This procedure includes the instillation of a balanced salt solution into the stomach (via the tube) followed by suctioning the fluid out of the stomach. It is an effective procedure in the treatment of toxic ingestions.
A hard solid made of undissolved minerals and found in the kidneys or bladder.
A jar used to store objects or substances.
A group of bacteria that destroy red blood cells and cause diseases in humans, including scarlet fever.
A metal or ivory instrument used to scrape skin. Used in ancient Greece and Rome to scrape the skin clear of dirt.
An instrument for measuring the quantity of blood that flows through a blood vessel in a given time.
A name for a group of shrubs from central Africa. One variation of strophanthus is used in a drug to stimulate the heart after heart failure.
A naturally occurring drug derived from trees. In small doses strychnine functions as a central nervous system stimulant, but in higher doses it is extremely poisonous.
The right to vote and own property
A group of antibiotics. Sulfa drugs were ‘wonder-drugs’ before penicillin and other antibiotics. They were used to treat diseases such as bronchitis and pneumonia.
A form of sulphonamide used in the treatment of various bacterial infections.
Antibacterial drugs used to treat diseases like bronchitis and pneumonia, derived from sulphanilamide