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Glossary

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T

  • tongue scraper

    An instrument to remove 'fur' off the tongue.

  • tongue-depressor

    blade that is used to depress the tongue to allow for inspection of the mouth and throat

  • tonoscillograph

    for measuring blood pressure

  • tonsil guillotine

    Historical instrument once used for the removal of tonsils.

  • tonsillectomy

    The surgical removal of the tonsils.

  • tonsillitis

    Inflammation of the tonsils due to bacterial or viral infection. Tonsillitis causes a sore throat, fever and difficulty in swallowing.

  • tonsils

    trial term

  • tooth cavity

    Holes in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel and the dentin. Small cavities may not cause pain, and may be unnoticed by the patient. Larger cavities can collect food, and the inner pulp of the affected tooth can become irritated by bacterial toxins, foods that are cold, hot, sour, or sweet causing toothache. Also referred to as caries.

  • tooth powder

    A powder used for cleaning the teeth. Tooth powders were in general use in 1800s Britain. Most were homemade, with chalk, pulverized brick, or salt as ingredients.

  • tooth pulling

    The removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to prevent restoration. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are also routinely performed.

  • tooth shade guide

    A set of pictures that allows a dentist to identify the shade of their patients' teeth. This information is used by the dentist to create an artificial tooth that is a similar shade.

  • toothache

    Pain in a tooth or in the teeth

  • toothpick case

    A case used to hold toothpicks

  • touchpiece

    Touchpieces are coins and medals that have attracted superstitious beliefs. Such pieces were believed to cure disease, bring good luck, or influence people’s behaviour.

  • tourniquet

    An apparatus designed for the compression of the vessels of the limb. A loosely applied tourniquet can reduce venous blood flow out of a limb. A tightly applied tourniquet can lessen arterial blood flow into it.

  • towel rail

    Used for hanging towels

  • toxin

    A poisonous substance.

  • toy - recreational artefact

    Toys that provide visual stimulus and entertainment through various optical principles, such as persistence of vision, projection and other optical effects and demonstrations.

  • toys (recreational artifacts)

    Use for objects of delight, playthings that give pleasure during idle moments and are often small representations of something familiar.

  • trachea

    The windpipe: the part of the air passage between the larynx and the main bronchi.

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