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Glossary

 

U

  • ulcer

    An open sore caused by erosion of the body surface. An ulcer can occur on the inside or outside of the body. The two most common types are mouth ulcers and stomach ulcers.

  • ultra violet radiation

    invisible electromagnetic radiation beyond the violet end of the visible spectrum. UV radiation is emitted by the sun and is the main cause of sunburn.

  • ultrasound

    Sounds above the upper human range of hearing (20,000 Hz). The word ‘ultrasound’ is often used to refer to medical sonography, which is an ultrasound-based imaging technique used to view the foetus during pregnancy.

  • ultraviolet radiation

    Invisible electromagnetic radiation beyond the visible spectrum. UV radiation is emitted by the Sun and is the main cause of sunburn.

  • umbilical cord

    Long cord that connects a developing foetus with the placenta that contains tiny blood vessels through which oxygen and food are carried from the mother to the embryo

  • Unani Tibb

    An Islamic medical tradition based on ancient Greek principles and focusing on balance in the body. It is found mostly in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and the Middle East.

  • unconscious

    Term for part of the mind believed to operate without the individual's immediate awareness or control.

  • underground postal railway

    An underground railway operated specifically for the efficient transfer of mail between sorting offices in a built up area.

  • UNESCO

    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. UNESCO aims to promote international co-operation in science culture and education as well as ethical issues.

  • uniform

    Identifying garments or styles of dress worn by the members of a given profession, organization, or rank.

  • urethral dilator

    instrument used the expand the urethra caused by disease, especially sexually transmitted disease

  • urinal

    A portable receptacle for urine. Urinal is now used as a term for a ceramic fixture, usually attached to a wall, that is used by men for urinating or for a place where there are facilities for urinating.

  • urine director

    A bowl-like spoon used to collect urine and direct to a central point. Male and female versions are different.

  • urine drainage bottle

    A bottle for the draining of urine.

  • urinometer

    A hydrometer for determining the specific gravity of urine.

  • urology

    A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract of men and women, and the reproductive system of males.

  • uroscopy

    The diagnosis of diseases by visual inspection of urine for blood or pus etc. It dates back to ancient Egypt, India and Babylon. It is considered limited in modern western medical practice, as it can lead to incorrect diagnosis.

  • uterine dilator

    Gynaecological instrument consisting of prongs and handles used to dilate the cervix. This could be done to assist child delivery or to carry out abortions.

  • uterus

    The hollow reproductive organ in female mammals. The uterus is where the foetus develops after conception. The word 'womb' is often used among non-medical people to refer to the same area.