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Glossary

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V

  • vials

    Small or moderate-sized vessels mainly for medicinal and toilet preparations. MCKWBF.

  • vinaigrette

    Small receptacles to contain scented vinegar, formerly used by women, and sometimes men, to ward off faintness. A small container with a perforated top, used to contain an aromatic substance such as vinegar or smelling salts, especially popular for women in Victorian times to combat the aroma from the waste products common in cities.

  • virulent

    Extremely poisonous or venomous. Often applied to bacteria or a disease that can easily overcome the body's defences.

  • virus

    A tiny particle made up of DNA/RNA and a protein coat. Viruses infect animals, plants, and micro-organisms and cause many diseases, including the common cold, influenza, measles, chickenpox, AIDS, polio and rabies. Many viral diseases can be controlled by means of vaccines.

  • visiting card

    Small cards bearing the name, and sometimes the address of a person or married couple for presentation, as when formally calling or visiting.

  • vitamin

    A group of substances needed, in small amounts, for healthy growth and development.

  • vitamin D

    A vitamin that is produced by the body when exposed to UV light. Plays important role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Deficiency of vitamin D is known as rickets.

  • vitamin supplement

    trial term S&H

  • vitreous humour

    The transparent gelatinous substance that fills the eyeball between the crystalline lens (lens) and the retina.

  • vivisection

    The dissection of a live animal for experimental research.

  • Voltaic pile

    The first battery, consisting of a number of cells (made from zinc and copper) joined in series. Invented by Alessandro Volta in 1880.

  • volunteering

    Undertaking or offering to undertake, of one's own free will and without compensation, service to others or to some cause or institution, especially in a community context.

  • volvelle

    Use for any of various reckoning devices consisting of movable discs surmounted by or carrying other graduated or figured circles for calculating, for example, phases of the moon, the time of the rising or setting sun, or the times of the tides; usually made of paper, cardboard, or vellum and often found preprinted in or attached to manuscripts or books of the 13th to the 16th century.

  • vomit bowl

    used by patients in hospitals to vomit into

  • votive child

    An image of child or children used as a votive offering

  • votive face

    An image of a face or faces used as a votive offering

  • votive head

    An image of a head used as a votive offering

  • votive mother

    An image of mother used as a votive offering

  • votive offering

    Objects or monuments donated by an individual for a public place or shrine. The object is usually given in gratitude for deliverance from distress.

  • vulcanisation

    The process of treating rubber or rubber-like materials with sulphur at high temperatures. This is to either improve strength and elasticity or to harden.

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