Hydra-96 Microdispenser, United States, 1993-1995
Used on a desktop in a laboratory, the Hydra-96 Microdispenser can dispense 96 DNA samples at a time. Previously, it took a scientist a whole day to produce fifty samples using manual pipettes. This type of machine was used by scientists involved with the Human Genome Project at the Sanger Institute at Cambridge. The project, which aimed to sequence the chemical structure of human DNA and identify the genes that determine heredity, was completed in 2003. The Hydra-96 was made by Robbins Scientific Corporation.
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Glossary: laboratory robot
DNA stores the information, or blueprints, of every cell and is located in the genes. It is made up of two strands which form a double helix that is linked by hydrogen bonds. It was first described in 1953 by Francis Crick and James Watson.
Part of the nucleus of a cell that determines how our bodies function. Genes are passed from parents to children.