Nine doses of Sabin-type polio vaccine, London, England, 1994
In 1957, Albert Bruce Sabin (1906-93), a Russian-American bacteriologist, developed the polio vaccine that carries his name. Each plastic tube contains a dose of Sabin-type polio vaccine, which is to be administered orally. The Sabin-type vaccine largely replaced the earlier injectable vaccine developed by Sabin’s rival, Jonas Salk. This particular vaccine was manufactured by The Wellcome Foundation Ltd and supplied by Evans Medical Ltd.
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An infectious disease affecting the central nervous system. Affected individuals can exhibit a range of symptoms if the polio virus enters the blood stream.
A substance given to humans or animals to improve immunity from disease. A vaccine can sometimes contain a small amount of bacteria that is designed to stimulate the body's reaction to that particular disease. The first vaccine was developed in 1796 by Edward Jenner to prevent smallpox.