Three Perspex tanks for gel electrophoresis, Europe, 1975-1990
Electrophoresis is a technique used in biochemistry to separate complex mix-tures of similar chemicals. These three Perspex tanks were used in research towards making bacteria produce the human blood factor, Factor VIII. This is needed by people with haemophilia, whose blood would not clot without it. This material is otherwise produced from human blood, presenting a risk of infection from blood-borne diseases such as AIDS. The process was achieved in 1984.
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DNA stores the information, or blueprints, of every cell and is located in the genes. It is made up of two strands which form a double helix that is linked by hydrogen bonds. It was first described in 1953 by Francis Crick and James Watson.
A hereditary disease in which the blood clots very slowly, causing prolonged bleeding following any injury.
Glossary: electrophoresis equipment
The process of separating electrons in a solution by passing an electric current through it.