Kit for cloning DNA, Europe, 1987
M13 is a bacteriophage – a virus that infects certain types of bacteria – which contains a single strand of DNA. Sold for laboratory use only, this now inactive M13 kit was used to clone a single strand of DNA. As DNA normally exists elsewhere as a double helix structure, this single strand or template acts as a master copy and is used to generate DNA replication. The kit was made by Amersham International plc.
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DNA stores the information, or blueprints, of every cell and is located in the genes. It is made up of two strands which form a double helix that is linked by hydrogen bonds. It was first described in 1953 by Francis Crick and James Watson.
A process where cells are produced asexually (neither male, nor female) and are genetically identical to the parent cell from which they are produced.
Glossary: cloning kit