3-D model of a skull of a female patient with the genetic disease Treacher Collins syndrome, London, England, 1999
The model on the right shows a female skull with Treacher Collins’ syndrome. The genetically inherited disease means the lower jaw and cheek bones are underdeveloped, causing other problems with the bones of the face. The model is highly detailed and was possibly made by using laser print technology. It is shown here with a model of a skull showing treatment for the disease (2001-211).
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The skeleton of the head of a vertebrate animal, including the brain case, or cranium, and the bones and cartilages of the face and mouth. The skull can be subdivided into two parts: the cranium and the mandible. The human skull is made up from 22 bones.
Glossary: model - representation
Use for a scaled representation of an object or structure, usually three-dimensional. The item is often idealised or modified to make it conceptually easier to understand.
Glossary: genetic diseases
Diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, that are passed from parents to child and which have their origins in changes to DNA.