'Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828)', print, Austria, 1810
Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828), a German physician, was one of the founders of phrenology. Phrenologists believed that the shape and size of various areas of the brain and therefore the overlying skull determined personality. There were a number of different systems of phrenology as disagreements arose over what part of the brain determined which characteristic. The print is taken from a painting by Józef Grassi (1757-1838), an Austrian artist.
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Pertaining to or characterised by, boasting and pretension; used by quacks; pretending to cure diseases; as, a quack medicine; a quack doctor.
Pictorial works produced by transferring images by means of a matrix such as a plate, block, or screen, using any of various printing processes. When emphasizing the individual printed image, use "impressions." Avoid the controversial expression "original prints," except in reference to discussions of the expression's use. If prints are neither "reproductive prints" nor "popular prints," use just "prints."
The study of the bumps on the outside of the skull in order to determine a person's character. It was based on the mistaken theory that the skull becomes modified according to the size of different parts of the brain.