Ivory and horn model of an eye, Europe, 1801-1900
This model can be unscrewed from its base to show the different parts of the eye, including the cornea (the clear outer covering of the eyeball), the pupil and the iris. Glass represents the jelly-like vitreous humour that fills the eyeball behind the lens. Veins have also been painted on to the eyeball to give it a life-like appearance. The eye is completed with a pair of eye lids. This model may have been used to help teach students about the anatomy of the eye. The case allowed the model to be transported easily.
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The organ of sight or vision. In man, and vertebrates generally, it is properly the movable ball or globe in the orbit, but the term often includes the adjacent parts.
Glossary: vitreous humour
The transparent gelatinous substance that fills the eyeball between the crystalline lens (lens) and the retina.
Glossary: anatomical model
A model that demonstrates the structure of the human body through the separation of its parts. Often used for teaching purposes.
A branch of medical science concerned with the structure of living organisms.
The transparent part of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil. It refracts light entering the eye on to the lens, which is then focused on to the retina.