Set of six test tubes with stand, used by Joseph Lister, United Kingdom, 1875-1878
This set of six test tubes attached to a glass stand with wire was said to be made and used by Joseph Lister (1827-1912) in his experiments on lactic fermentation. Lister chose to study lactic fermentation as, in the wake of the scientific demonstration of germ theory, he believed it could shed light on the nature of certain diseases. These test tubes, each with their own glass cap, contain plaster imitations of their original contents. The open test tubes were used to mimic open wounds. The test tubes are shown with a similar example (A641024.)
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Branch of biology that deals with micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, and their effects.
relating to milk
The study of a group of single-celled organisms called bacteria.
Glossary: test tube
Hollow cylinders of thin glass with one end closed. Test tubes are used for chemical and biological experiments and analysis.
A form of anaerobic respiration (respiration that does not need oxygen) occurring in certain micro-organisms, for example yeasts.