This set of six test tubes attached to a glass stand with wire was said to be made and used by Joseph Lister (1827-1912) in his experiments on lactic fermentation. Lister published his results in ‘On the lactic fermentation and its bearings on pathology’ in Transactions of the Pathological Society of London, vol. 29 (1878). Studying fermentation is important as it may give information about human diseases that have a similar process to fermentation, for instance, specific fevers. The test tubes, each with their own glass cap, contain plaster imitations of their original contents. The open test tubes were used to mimic open wounds. They are shown with a similar example (A641022).
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Branch of biology that deals with micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, and their effects.
The study of a group of single-celled organisms called bacteria.
Glossary: test tube
Hollow cylinders of thin glass with one end closed. Test tubes are used for chemical and biological experiments and analysis.