Esmarch-type printed bandage, United Kingdom, 1890-1910
Friedrich von Esmarch (1823-1908) was a German surgeon who used his experiences on the battlefield to contribute to improving techniques in military surgery and first aid. He developed this printed triangular bandage in the 1870s. It conveniently illustrates fifty different ways of applying and using the bandage, which could also be used as part of a tourniquet or to hold together a splint to stabilise a broken limb.
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A strip of material such as gauze used to protect, immobilize, compress, or support a wound or injured body part
Glossary: first aid
Treatment that is rendered initially for the care of an emergent condition. It is usually performed by a lay person to a sick or injured patient until definitive medical treatment can be accessed
Designed to compress the blood vessels of a limb. It consists of a bandage, pad and screw. By varying the tightness of the tourniquet, it is possible to control the circulation of blood for a short time.
A rigid device of plastic, wood or plaster that serves to immobilize or support an injury. Generally strapped alongside an injured limb.