Canvas first aid kit, Germany, 1914-1918
The inscription on the front of this German first aid kit translates as “First aid-bag for airplanes”. Used by the German Air Force during the First World War, the kit contains several bandages and a bottle of anti-tetanus serum. Tetanus is usually acquired through wound infections, and causes muscles to go rigid from the jaw downwards throughout the whole body. Aeroplanes were initially used by all sides for scouting and spying rather than as fighters or bombers – a situation that changed as the war progressed.
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Glossary: first aid kit
A kit designed to give help to an injured person until proper medical treatment is available
tissue damage caused by such agents as heat, cold, chemicals, electricity, ultraviolet light, or nuclear radiation. A first-degree burn affects only the outer layer (epidermis) of the skin. In a second-degree burn both the epidermis and the underlying dermis are damaged. A third-degree burn involves damage or destruction of the skin to its full depth and damage to the tissues beneath. Burns cause swelling and blistering, due to loss of plasma from damaged blood vessels.
Glossary: first aid
Treatment that is rendered initially for the care of an emergent condition. It is usually performed by a lay person to a sick or injured patient until definitive medical treatment can be accessed
An acute infectious disease, affecting the nervous system. Infection generally occurs through contamination of a wound. Symptoms include a locked jaw, arching of the back or neck and the inability to urinate.