Enema syringe, London, England, 1866-1927
Enema syringes vary in shape and material but they are all intended to introduce liquids such as medications or purgatives into the body via the rectum. This example is constructed from brass and ivory and was manufactured by major surgical instrument makers Arnold and Sons. Enema syringes were widely used until the mid 1850s, after which the hypodermic syringe gradually became the drug-delivery system of choice.
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An instrument used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. The open end of the syringe may be fitted with a hypodermic needle for injection into the bloodstream.
A liquid injected into the anus. Enemas can be carried out for medical reasons, as a treatment for constipation, or as a way to give drugs.