Anti-streptococci serum, France, 1888-1932
Streptococci bacteria are responsible for a wide range of skin and throat diseases, including scarlet fever and tonsillitis. If the bacterium gets into the blood, more serious conditions develop. This immune serum contains antibodies from an animal infected with streptococci and would be injected into a human patient to gain immunity from the bacteria. The vaccine was made by the Institute Pasteur in Paris, France.
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Glossary: immune serum
Immune serum, blood serum from an immunised animal used for passive immunisation, an antiserum, antitoxin or antivenin.
A sealed glass or plastic capsule containing one dose of a drug in the form of a sterile solution for injection.
Glossary: scarlet fever
An acute contagious disease caused by streptococcus bacteria occurring predominantly among children and characterized by a scarlet skin eruption and high fever.
Glossary: rheumatic fever
A severe infectious disease most common in children. Symptoms include fever and painful inflammation of the joints. Rheumatic fever frequently results in permanent damage to the valves of the heart.
Molecules produced by the body which attach themselves to the micro-organisms that cause disease and destroy them.
Inflammation of the tonsils due to bacterial or viral infection. Tonsillitis causes a sore throat, fever and difficulty in swallowing.
A group of bacteria that destroy red blood cells and cause diseases in humans, including scarlet fever.