Wooden toilet case, France, 1801-1830
This wooden case contains nineteen instruments intended for use in personal hygiene, grooming and shaving. These include razors, a strop to sharpen the razors, a toothbrush, tweezers and a toothpick. The case also contains forks, spoons, corkscrews and a pen knife. The documentation for this object states that Napoleon I (1769-1821), Emperor of France between 1804 and 1814, gave cases like this to the generals of his army.
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Sharp-edged instruments primarily used in the shaving of bodily hair. Razors can be manually or electrically powered, and the earliest bronze razor blade dates back to the Bronze Age.
Small brushes, with long handles, for cleaning the teeth. A variety of oral hygiene measures have been used since before recorded history. This has been verified by various excavations done all over the world, in which tree twigs, bird feathers, animal bones and porcupine quills that had been used to clean or brush ones teeth were recovered.
Glossary: toilet case