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World Health Organisation leaflet about smallpox, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1970-1971

This leaflet shows in photographs the different stages of the disease and how long each stage of the disease lasts. Chickenpox was included in the leaflet as the two diseases can appear to be similar to the untrained eye. This leaflet was used in Africa during the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) smallpox eradication campaign. Success was achieved in 1979.

Object number:

1981-1697

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Glossary:

Glossary: vaccination

The introduction of vaccine into the body for the purpose of inducing immunity. Coined originally to apply to the injection of smallpox vaccine, the term has come to mean any immunising procedure in which vaccine is injected.

Glossary: leaflet

Use for small printed works consisting of one sheet folded and not stitched or bound. For larger printed works, but generally of fewer than 80 pages, often with paper covers, use "pamphlets."

Glossary: smallpox

Smallpox is an infectious virus unique to humans. It results in a characteristic skin rash and fluid-filled blisters. After successful vaccination campaigns throughout the 1800s and 1900s, the World Health Organisation certified the eradication of smallpox in 1979. Smallpox is the only human infectious disease to have been completely wiped out.

Glossary: chicken pox

A common, highly infectious and contagious childhood virus that results in an itchy red rash.