Two glass tubes of anti-cholera vaccine mounted on board for display, Europe, 1892
The first cholera vaccine was created by Waldemar Mordecai Wolfe Haffkine (1860-1930), a Russian bacteriologist, in July 1892 – shortly before these examples were produced. Haffkine was able to create a vaccine as the bacteria causing cholera had already been isolated by Robert Koch in 1883.
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The introduction of vaccine into the body for the purpose of inducing immunity. Coined originally to apply to the injection of smallpox vaccine, the term has come to mean any immunising procedure in which vaccine is injected.
Micro-organisms which can cause disease but have an important role in global ecology.