Coconut goblet mounted in silver, York, England, 1671-1700
These carvings show three scenes in the life of a barber-surgeon. One shows a bloodletting scene, a common treatment for a number of illnesses and diseases. The other scenes show a customer waiting for a haircut and shave and a patient with a bandage on his head and who is also waiting to be seen. The coconut would have been a novelty as these were new to England in the 1600s. Although the practical links between the professions of barber and surgeon are long gone, the historical connection lives on in the red and white striped poles which can still be found outside some barbers. A common practice of barber-surgeons was bloodletting and the poles still seen today symbolise the clean (white) and bloodstained (red) bandages associated with the practice. They are entwined around a pole which is reminiscent of the staff grasped by those about to be bled from the arm.
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Drinking glass with a large bowl, of various shapes, resting on a stemmed foot.
Puncturing a vein in order to withdraw blood. A popular medical practice for over two thousand years. Bloodletting often involved withdrawing large quantities of blood in the belief that this would cure or prevent many illnesses and diseases. The practice has been abandoned for all but a few very specific conditions.