First field dressing in ring pull packet, United States, 1916
Soldiers of nearly all the nations involved in the First World War would be expected to carry a so-called First Field Dressing or an equivalent. This was a basic emergency first aid kit consisting of a length of gauze, a small bandage pad, a safety pin and an ampoule of iodine (later replaced by a mild antiseptic). The kit was carried in a waterproof cover. This example is in a tin can which was opened with a ring pull and is of the type used by the United States Army during the First World War.
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Glossary: first aid
Treatment that is rendered initially for the care of an emergent condition. It is usually performed by a lay person to a sick or injured patient until definitive medical treatment can be accessed
A sealed glass or plastic capsule containing one dose of a drug in the form of a sterile solution for injection.
Glossary: first field dressing
A disinfectant used in the First World War.
A chemical that destroys or holds back the growth of bacteria and harmful micro-organisms. It can be used to cleanse skin wounds and treat some internal infections if it is sufficiently non-toxic.