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Glass bottle with immunoglobulin to fight against chickenpox, England, 1964

This glass bottle contains immunoglobulin to fight against chickenpox. Immunoglobulin is a type of antibody found in blood plasma. Taken from donors recovering from chicken pox, immunoglobulin is injected into those who are at risk from the disease. These include premature babies, whose immune system would not be able to cope with the infection. Chickenpox is a common and highly infectious childhood virus which many people experience. An attack gives most people life-long immunity. This sample was produced for the British Ministry of Health.

Object number:

A606004

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Glossary:

Glossary: bottle

Vessels having a neck and mouth considerably narrower than the body, used for packaging and containing liquid and dry preparations

Glossary: immunoglobulin

A specific protein substance that is produced by cells to aid in fighting infection

Glossary: virus

A tiny particle made up of DNA/RNA and a protein coat. Viruses infect animals, plants, and micro-organisms and cause many diseases, including the common cold, influenza, measles, chickenpox, AIDS, polio and rabies. Many viral diseases can be controlled by means of vaccines.

Glossary: antibody

Molecules produced by the body which attach themselves to the micro-organisms that cause disease and destroy them.

Glossary: plasma

The liquid component of blood, in which the blood cells are suspended. Plasma makes up around 55 per cent of blood's total volume.

Glossary: premature birth

The birth of a baby before 37 weeks (259 days) of pregnancy.

Glossary: chicken pox

A common, highly infectious and contagious childhood virus that results in an itchy red rash.