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`Wellcozyme HIV 1+2' used to test for antibodies to HIV in blood samples, England, 1993

This kit allowed the user to test for HIV 1+2 antibodies in blood samples to prevent the transmission of the disease through blood transfusions. HIV 1 is the most common type of infection and also leads to AIDS. This kit allowed the user to test for antibodies in a safe, easy and effective way. Urine, saliva and dried blood spots could also be tested in place of a regular blood sample – especially useful if the person being tested had difficulty in giving blood. The test did not require highly trained personnel or a laboratory and so could be used by anyone with a small amount of training, anywhere.

Object number:

1993-200 Pt1

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    Glossary: HIV test

    HIV tests are used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus in serum, saliva, or urine. There usually a window time of 22 days (average) between infection and the time that the test can detect infection. There are a wide variety of types of test.

    Glossary: blood transfusion

    An injection of healthy, donated blood into a patient to raise his or her number of red blood cells. The blood is matched according to type (A, B, O, AB).

    Glossary: AIDS

    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by infections resulting from a weakened immune system due to the HIV virus. It leads to failure of the immune system and is usually fatal. It is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.

    Glossary: HIV

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that weakens vital cells in the immune system, and leads to AIDS. There are two strands: HIV-1, which leads to immunity suppression; and HIV-2, which is not as potent and is only common in West Africa. HIV is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.

    Glossary: antibody

    Molecules produced by the body which attach themselves to the micro-organisms that cause disease and destroy them.

    Glossary: epidemiology

    The study of epidemic disease, including its spread, causes and methods of control.