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Cartoons used from public health campaigns in Columbia, 1980-1993

The cards are illustrated with cartoons to campaign for childhood vaccination in Colombia, South America. They promote vaccination against five of the main diseases responsible for childhood deaths: measles, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, and polio. They also explain the expected reactions to vaccination and the medical treatment needed if one of these diseases is contracted. The cards were produced in association with the UNICEF, (United Nations International Children's Fund). The charity aims to vaccinate all children in the developing world against the six main childhood disease killers (the sixth being tuberculosis, which had already received widespread coverage in Colombia).

Object number:

1994-439/2

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Glossary:

Glossary: vaccination

The introduction of vaccine into the body for the purpose of inducing immunity. Coined originally to apply to the injection of smallpox vaccine, the term has come to mean any immunising procedure in which vaccine is injected.

Glossary: card

The term card primarily refers to cardboard or a piece of cardboard. More generally, the term can refer to any of various small flat objects, typically made from heavy paper or plastic.

Glossary: tetanus

An acute infectious disease, affecting the nervous system. Infection generally occurs through contamination of a wound. Symptoms include a locked jaw, arching of the back or neck and the inability to urinate.

Glossary: whooping cough

An acute highly infectious disease, primarily affecting infants. Whooping cough gets its name from the severe hacking cough followed by intake of breath that sounds like a ‘whoop’. A highly effective vaccine was introduced in the 1940s.

Glossary: measles

Disease caused by a virus most commonly found in children. Measles is spread through airborne fluids. In roughly the last 150 years, measles has been estimated to have killed 200 million people worldwide.

Glossary: tuberculosis

An infectious disease that is caused by a bacterium first identified by Robert Koch in 1882. The disease usually affects the lungs first, and is accompanied by a chronic cough.

Glossary: polio

An infectious disease affecting the central nervous system. Affected individuals can exhibit a range of symptoms if the polio virus enters the blood stream.

Glossary: diphtheria

An acute highly contagious infection, generally affecting the throat but occasionally other mucous membranes and the skin. Diphtheria has been largely eradicated due to world-wide vaccination efforts.