'An Account of the Extraordinary Medicinal Fluid called Æther' by Matthew Turner, England, 1761
This sixteen-page booklet describes the properties of ether and gives a brief history of its discovery. The largest part of the work outlines its use as a treatment for a number of illnesses, including headaches, gout, epilepsy and rheumatism. Ether was applied either externally to the body part which hurt (using a rag or cloth) or taken internally by swallowing or placing it in the nostrils. For severe pains both treatments were recommended. From 1842, ether was used as an anaesthetic in surgery and dentistry. The pamphlet was written by Matthew Turner, a surgeon and chemist from Liverpool, in 1761. Turner also sold ether and gave information on how his products could be identified easily, even including details of his coat of arms.
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