Two copper and zinc chains, France, 1855-1870
When placed next to the skin, the copper and zinc chains produced a mild electric current. The current was said to treat aches and pains in the joints and muscles (rheumatism) and the nerves (neuralgia). The chains were also recommended for sexual and reproductive problems. Isaac Louis Pulvermacher invented this device in the 1850s and Charles Dickens (1812-1870) is known to have used it.
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Techniques and Technologies:
Spasms of pain which extend along one or more nerves.
The passing of electric currents through the body's tissues to stimulate the functioning of nerves and the muscles.
A disorder where aches and pains affect the muscles and joints.
Glossary: electrotherapy equipment - component